Benghazi Timeline - ordendelsantosepulcro.info
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By latePinochet had been assigned to the "Carampangue" Regiment in the northern city of Iquique. Three years later, he entered the War Academy but had to postpone his studies because, being the youngest officer, he had to carry out a service mission in the coal zone of Lota. The following year he returned to his studies in the Academy, and after obtaining the title of Officer Chief of Staff, inhe returned to teach at the Military School. At the same time, he worked as a teachers' aide at the War Academy, giving military geography and geopolitics classes.
At the beginning ofwith the rank of major, he was sent for two years to the "Rancagua" Regiment in Arica. While there, he was appointed professor of the Chilean War Academy, and returned to Santiago to take up his new position.
He remained with the Quito mission for four-and-a-half years, during which time he studied geopoliticsmilitary geography and military intelligence. At the end of he returned to Chile and was sent to General Headquarters of the 1st Army Division, based in Antofagasta. The following year, he was appointed commander of the "Esmeralda" Regiment. Due to his success in this position, he was appointed Sub-director of the War Academy in Inhe was named Chief of Staff of the 2nd Army Division, based in Santiagoand at the end of that year, he was promoted to brigadier general and Commander in Chief of the 6th Division, garrisoned in Iquique.
At the beginning ofhe was appointed General Chief of Staff of the Army. With rising domestic strife in Chile, after General Prats resigned his position, Pinochet was appointed commander-in-chief of the Army on 23 August by President Salvador Allende just the day after the Chamber of Deputies of Chile approved a resolution asserting that the government was not respecting the Constitution.
Less than a month later, the Chilean military deposed Allende. Military coup of [ edit ] Main article: This was followed by brutal repression during Pinochet's rule, during which about 3, people were killed, and more than 1, are still missing.
United States intelligence agencies believed the plan to be untrue propaganda.
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United States intervention in Chile U. He stated that the coup itself was possible only through a three-year covert operation mounted by the United States. He also points out that the US imposed an "invisible blockade" that was designed to disrupt the economy under Allende, and contributed to the destabilization of the regime.
Authors Tim Weinerin his book, Legacy of Ashes and Christopher Hitchensin his book, The Trial of Henry Kissinger  similarly argue the case that US covert actions actively destabilized Allende's government and set the stage for the coup. A document released by the U. DINA led the multinational campaign known as Operation Condorwhich amongst other activities carried out assassinations of prominent politicians in various Latin American countries, in Washington, D.
The CIA chose to keep him as an asset, and at one point even paid him. As established, the junta exercised both executive and legislative functions of the government, suspended the Constitution and the Congressimposed strict censorship and curfewbanned all parties and halted all political and perceived subversive activities. This military junta held the executive role until 17 Decemberafter which it remained strictly as a legislative body, the executive powers being transferred to Pinochet with the title of President.
Military dictatorship [ edit ] Junta session one week after the coup Pinochet in The junta members originally planned that the presidency would be held for a year by the commanders-in-chief of each of the four military branches in turn.
However, Pinochet soon consolidated his control, first retaining sole chairmanship of the military junta, and then proclaiming himself "Supreme Chief of the Nation" de facto provisional president on 27 June General Leigh, head of the Air Force, became increasingly opposed to Pinochet's policies and was forced into retirement on 24 Julyafter contradicting Pinochet on that year's plebiscite officially called Consulta Nacional, or National Consultation, in response to a UN resolution condemning Pinochet's government.
He was replaced by General Fernando Matthei. Senators spoke with Panetta about the response to the situation in Libya. Four Americans were killed in an attack Tuesday on the U. Senators said it has become clearer the attack was coordinated, although they would not say anything specific about any connection to the broader protests that came after an anti-Muslim video was released. He added he did not know the specific group responsible for the assault on the complex.
John] McCain expressed a similar view. Obama discusses the Benghazi attack in his weekly address.
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He makes no mention of terror, terrorists or extremists. This tragic attack [in Benghazi] takes place at a time of turmoil and protest in many different countries.
I have made it clear that the United States has a profound respect for people of all faiths. We stand for religious freedom. And we reject the denigration of any religion — including Islam. Yet there is never any justification for violence. There is no religion that condones the targeting of innocent men and women.
There is no excuse for attacks on our Embassies and Consulates. We therefore judge events unfolded in a much different manner than in Tunis, Cairo, Khartoum, and Sanaa, which appear to be the result of escalating mob violence.
But Susan Rice, the U. It was later learned that Rice received her information from talking points developed by the CIA. Update, May 16, The talking points given to Rice were extensively revised, largely at the request of the State Department. Update, May 2, One of the goals: Was this a long-planned attack, as far as you know? Or what— what do you know about that? The way these perpetrators acted and moved … this leaves us with no doubt that this has preplanned, determined— predetermined.
And you believe that this was the work of al Qaeda and you believe that it was led by foreigners. Is that — is that what you are telling us?
It was planned — definitely, it was planned by foreigners, by people who — who entered the country a few months ago, and they were planning this criminal act since their — since their arrival. And joining us now, Susan Rice, the U. Madam Ambassador, [Magariaf] says this is something that has been in the planning stages for months. I understand you have been saying that you think it was spontaneous? Are we not on the same page here? Bob, let me tell you what we understand to be the assessment at present.
First of all, very importantly, as you discussed with the president, there is an investigation that the United States government will launch led by the FBI, that has begun and — They are not on the ground yet, but they have already begun looking at all sorts of evidence of — of various sorts already available to them and to us. And they will get on the ground and continue the investigation.
But based on the best information we have to date, what our assessment is as of the present is in fact what began spontaneously in Benghazi as a reaction to what had transpired some hours earlier in Cairo where, of course, as you know, there was a violent protest outside of our embassy — sparked by this hateful video.
But soon after that spontaneous protest began outside of our consulate in Benghazi, we believe that it looks like extremist elements, individuals, joined in that— in that effort with heavy weapons of the sort that are, unfortunately, readily now available in Libya post-revolution.
And that it spun from there into something much, much more violent. But you do not agree with him that this was something that had been plotted out several months ago? We do not— we do not have information at present that leads us to conclude that this was premeditated or preplanned. Do you agree or disagree with him that al Qaeda had some part in this?
Magariaf says in an interview with NPR: We firmly believe that this was a precalculated, preplanned attack that was carried out specifically to attack the U. Yes, they were killed in the course of a terrorist attack on our embassy. The attack began and evolved and escalated over several hours. It is, I think, self-evident that what happened in Benghazi was a terrorist attack.
Our embassy was attacked violently, and the result was four deaths of American officials. I would point you to a couple of things that Mr. Olsen said, which is that at this point it appears that a number of different elements were involved in the attack, including individuals connected to militant groups that are prevalent in Eastern Libya. He also made clear that at this point, based on the information he has — and he is briefing the Hill on the most up-to-date intelligence — we have no information at this point that suggests that this was a significantly preplanned attack, but this was the result of opportunism, taking advantage of and exploiting what was happening as a result of reaction to the video that was found to be offensive.
We have reports that the White House said today that the attacks in Libya were a terrorist attack. Do you have information indicating that it was Iran, or al Qaeda was behind organizing the protests? What we do know is that the natural protests that arose because of the outrage over the video were used as an excuse by extremists to see if they can also directly harm U.
What happened in Benghazi was a terrorist attack, and we will not rest until we have tracked down and brought to justice the terrorists who murdered four Americans.
It was reported that people just went crazy and wild because of this anti-Muslim movie, or anti-Muhammad, I guess, movie.
But then I heard Hillary Clinton say that it was an act of terrorism. What do you say? Obama speaks at the United Nations. It is, I think by definition, a terrorist attack when there is a prolonged assault on an embassy with weapons.
Deputy Secretary of State William Burns, in an interview with Al Jazeerais asked whether he agrees with the president of Libya that the Benghazi attack was premeditated and had nothing to do with the anti-Muslim video.
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When Did Administration Know? Dempsey, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, at the same briefing addresses what the U. Bush, says the administration knew early on that it was a terrorist attack. The White House spokesman is asked yet again why the president has refused to call the incident a terrorist attack. If the president does not call it, label it a terrorist attack as you and others have, is there some legal or diplomatic trigger that that brings? When the head of the National Counterterrorism Center, Matt Olsen, in open testimony in Congress answered a question by saying yes, by the definitions we go by — this is me paraphrasing — this was a terrorist attack — I echoed that, because this president, this administration, everybody looks to the intelligence community for the assessments on this.
In the immediate aftermath, there was information that led us to assess that the attack began spontaneously following protests earlier that day at our embassy in Cairo.
We provided that initial assessment to Executive Branch officials and members of Congress, who used that information to discuss the attack publicly and provide updates as they became available.
Throughout our investigation we continued to emphasize that information gathered was preliminary and evolving. As we learned more about the attack, we revised our initial assessment to reflect new information indicating that it was a deliberate and organized terrorist attack carried out by extremists. It remains unclear if any group or person exercised overall command and control of the attack, and if extremist group leaders directed their members to participate.
White House spokesman Carney at a press briefing in Nevada: As the intelligence community learned more information they updated Congress and the American people on it. And we will not rest until we answer those questions and until we track down the terrorists who killed our people. At a background briefingsenior state department officials reveal there were no protests prior to the terrorist attack on the U. The ambassador retired to his bedroom for the evening at 9 p. The calm was shattered by 9: The background briefing provided on Sept.
EDT, but it did not provide information about what happened prior to the attack. Senior state department official two: That is a question that you would have to ask others.
That was not our conclusion. The Ambassador walked guests out around 8: After testifying before a House committee, Under Secretary for Management Patrick Kennedy is asked at a press briefing what the State Department should have done differently in releasing information about the Benghazi attack. That information has evolved over time. For example, if any Administration official, including any career official, had been on television on Sunday, September 16th, they would have said the same thing that Ambassador Rice would have said.
She had information at that point from the intelligence community, and that is the same information I had and this — I would have made exactly the same points. Clearly, we know more today, but we knew what we knew when we knew it.
Charlene Lamb, a State Department official who denied those requests, tells the committee that the State Department had been training local Libyans for nearly a year and additional U. As reported by Foreign Policy: Posting something on Facebook is not in and of itself evidence, and I think it just underscores how fluid the reporting was at the time and continued for some time to be.
Trey Gowdy reads excerpts of a Sept. The committee did not release the full contents of the email.