List of Latin American writers - Wikipedia
Juan Antonio Pérez Bonalde () was a Venezuelan translator and poet. He is buried in the National Pantheon of Venezuela. Nicanor Bolet Peraza (June 4, – March 25, ) was a Venezuelan writer and politician. prominent Hispanic figures such as fellow countryman Juan Antonio Pérez Bonalde and Cuban poet José Martí. Check date values in: | date= (help); ^ Jump up to: "Bolet Peraza, Nicanor (–) | The Greenwood. Main · Videos; Who is josh peck dating history mya dating history biografia de perez bonalde yahoo dating biografia de perez bonalde yahoo dating my.
Perhaps the enemies of liberty are such only because they judge it by its loud voice. If they knew its charms, the dignity that accompanies it, how much a free man feels like a king, the perpetual inner light that is produced by decorous self-awareness and realization, perhaps there would be no greater friends of freedom than those who are its worst enemies.
Freedoms, like privileges, prevail or are imperiled together You cannot harm or strive to achieve one without harming or furthering all. We are free, but not to be evil, not to be indifferent to human suffering, not to profit from the people, from the work created and sustained through their spirit of political association, while refusing to contribute to the political state that we profit from.
We must say no once more. One stems from confused and incomplete readings of foreign texts, and the other from the arrogance and hidden rage of those who, in order to climb up in the world, pretend to be frantic defenders of the helpless so as to have shoulders on which to stand.
The vote is the most effective and merciful instrument that man has devised to manage his affairs. Fortunately, there is a sane equilibrium in the character of nations, as there is in that of men.
The force of passion is balanced by the force of interest. An insatiable appetite for glory leads to sacrifice and death, but innate instinct leads to self-preservation and life. A nation that neglects either of these forces perishes.
They must be steered together, like a pair of carriage horses. Peoples are made of hate and of love, and more of hate than love. But love, like the sun that it is, sets afire and melts everything. The merit and strength of a people are measured by their enthusiasm for freedom when the only rewards from it are anguish and martyrdom, the blood and ashes of exile, the sorrow of a house driven by the waves, and the shame of a useless life that lacks the foundation and peace of mind needed to do one's share of the common task.
We light the oven so that everyone may bake bread in it. If I survive, I will spend my whole life at the oven door seeing that no one is denied bread and, so as to give a lesson of charity, especially those who did not bring flour. It is necessary to make virtue fashionable.
One just principle from the depths of a cave is more powerful than an army. Happiness exists on earth, and it is won through prudent exercise of reason, knowledge of the harmony of the universe, and constant practice of generosity.
He who seeks it elsewhere will not find it for, having drunk from all the glasses of life, he will find satisfaction only in those. Just as he who gives his life to serve a great idea is admirable, he who avails himself of a great idea to serve his personal hopes of glory and power is abominable, even if he too risks his life. To give one's life is a right only when one gives it unselfishly. Talent is a gift that brings with it an obligation to serve the world, and not ourselves, for it is not of our making.
To use for our exclusive benefit what is not ours is theft. Culture, which makes talent shine, is not completely ours either, nor can we place it solely at our disposal.
Rather, it belongs mainly to our country, which gave it to us, and to humanity, from which we receive it as a birthright. A selfish man is a thief. He who could have been a torch and stoops to being a pair of jaws is a deserter. A child, from the time he can think, should think about all he sees, should suffer for all who cannot live with honesty, should work so that all men can be honest, and should be honest himself.
A child who does not think about what happens around him and is content with living without wondering whether he lives honestly is like a man who lives from a scoundrel's work and is on the road to being a scoundrel.
It is the duty of man to raise up man. One is guilty of all abjection that one does not help to relieve. Only those who spread treachery, fire, and death out of hatred for the prosperity of others are undeserving of pity. There are men who live contented though they live without decorum.
Juan Antonio Pérez Bonalde
Others suffer as if in agony when they see around them people living without decorum. There must be a certain amount of decorum in the world, just as there must be a certain amount of light.
When there are many men without decorum, there are always others who themselves possess the decorum of many men. These are the ones who rebel with terrible strength against those who rob nations of their liberty, which is to rob men of their decorum. Embodied in those men are thousands of men, a whole people, human dignity.
Through a marvelous law of natural compensation, he who gives of himself grows, and he who turns inward and lives from small pleasures, is afraid to share them with others, and only thinks avariciously of cultivating his appetites loses his humanity and becomes loneliness itself. He carries in his breast all the dreariness of winter. He becomes in fact and appearance an insect. Man is not an image engraved on a silver dollar, with covetous eyes, licking lips and a diamond pin on a silver dickey.
Man is a living duty, a depository of powers that he must not leave in a brute state. Man is a wing. To busy oneself with what is futile when one can do something useful, to attend to what is simple when one has the mettle to attempt what is difficult, is to strip talent of its dignity.
José Martí - Wikiquote
It is a sin not to do what one is capable of doing. Men of action, above all those whose actions are guided by love, live forever. Other famous men, those of much talk and few deeds, soon evaporate. Cultural areas are not considered equivalent to Kulturkreis, a culture area is a concept in cultural anthropology, in which a geographic region and time sequence is characterized by substantially uniform environment and culture. The concept of culture areas was originated by museum curators and ethnologists during the late s as means of arranging exhibits, clark Wissler and Alfred Kroeber further developed the concept on the premise that they represent long-standing cultural divisions.
The concept is criticized by some, who argue that the basis for classification is arbitrary, but other researchers disagree and the organization of human communities into cultural areas remains a common practice throughout the social sciences. The definition of culture areas is enjoying a resurgence of practical and theoretical interest as social scientists conduct research on processes of cultural globalization.
A formal culture region is an area inhabited by people who have one or more traits in common, such as language, religion. It is a relatively homogeneous with regard to one or more cultural traits.
The geographer who identifies a formal culture region must locate cultural borders, because cultures overlap and mix, such boundaries are rarely sharp even if only a single cultural trait is mapped so there are cultural border zones rather than lines. The zones broaden with each additional cultural trait that is considered because no two traits have the spatial distribution.
As a result, instead of having clear borders, formal culture regions reveal a center or core where the traits are all present. Away from the core, the characteristics weaken and disappear. Thus, many formal culture regions display a core-periphery, in this sense, functional regions also possess a core-periphery configuration, in common with formal culture regions. Vernacular, popular or perceptual cultural regions are those perceived to exist by their inhabitants, as is evident by the widespread acceptance, some vernacular regions are based on physical environmental features, others find their basis in economic, political or historical characteristics.
Vernacular regions, like most culture regions, generally lack sharp borders, and it grows out of peoples sense of belonging and identification with a particular region. They often lack the necessary for functional regions although they may be centered on a single urban node 2. Although he was a notable scientist and writer, he stands out as a polemicist who inspired the separatist movement in Quito and he is regarded as one of the most important figures in colonial Ecuador.
He was Quitos first journalist and hygienist, Espejo was noted in his time for being a satirist. Because of these works he was persecuted and finally imprisoned shortly before his death, the Royal Audiencia of Quito was established as part of the Spanish State by Philip II of Spain on August 29, It was a court of the Spanish Crown with jurisdiction over certain territories of the Viceroyalty of Peru that now constitute Ecuador and parts of Peru, Colombia, the Royal Audiencia was created to strengthen administrative control over those territories and to rule the relations between whites and the natives.
Its capital was the city of Quito, by the 18th century, the Royal Audiencia of Quito began to have economic problems, a lack of roads led to limited communications. Obrajes—a type of textile factory—had provided jobs, but now found themselves in decline, mainly due to a crackdown on smuggled European cloths, obrajes were replaced by haciendas, and the dominant groups continued to exploit the indigenous population.Vuelta a la Patria II, Juan Antonio Pérez Bonalde
In the Royal Audiencia, the situation worsened after of the expulsion of the Jesuit priests. The majority of the population neither read nor wrote well, on the other hand, the few who could enter the university were given an education which was heavily theoretical and used memorization as the primary learning technique. Scholasticism, which was in decline in these times, was taught. As a result, the people in Quito—most of whom were clerical—had affected manners when expressing themselves.