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From its roots, culture in Germany has been shaped by major intellectual and popular currents in Europe, both religious and secular Optional Kindergarten education is provided for all children between three and six years of age, after which school attendance is compulsory, in most cases for Johann Wolfgang was himself born here in to his parents, Johann Caspar Goethe, a lawyer, and Katherine Elisabeth Textor, daughter of the It is the largest garden of its kind in Germany A unique feature of Frankfurt is its significant number of skyscraper Skyscraper A skyscraper is a tall, continuously habitable building of many stories, often designed for office and commercial use.

There is no official definition or height above which a building may be classified as a skyscraper Frankfurt is one of only a few cities in the European Union European Union The European Union is an economic and political union of 27 independent member states which are located primarily in Europe. United Kingdom, the largest metropolitan area in the United Kingdom, and the largest urban zone in the European Union by most measures. Located on the River Thames, London has been a major settlement for two millennia, its history going back to its Its population in was estimated at 1, residents with a greater metropolitan area of 2, residents, making Warsaw the 10th most The population of the city is roughly 3.

It is the third largest city in the European Union, after London and Berlin, and its metropolitan Starting as a dam on the Rotte river, Rotterdam has grown into a major international commercial centre Because of the city's skyline, Germans sometimes humorously refer to Frankfurt am Main as "Mainhattan". Name Frankonovurd in old high german Old High German The term Old High German refers to the earliest stage of the German language and it conventionally covers the period from around to Coherent written texts do not appear until the second half of the 8th century, and some treat the period before as 'prehistoric' and date the start of It, along with most European languages, is a descendant of the ancient Proto-Indo-European language.

Although it is considered a dead language, a number of scholars and members of the Christian clergy speak it fluently, and It is the middle period of a three-period division of Western history: Classic, Medieval and Modern Modern history can be further broken down into the early modern period and the late modern period after the French Revolution and the Industrial Revolution At the beginning of the 19th century the spelling of Frankfurt was widely established.

The name affix "am Main" is used regularly since the 14th century. In English English language English is a West Germanic language that arose in the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of England and spread into what was to become south-east Scotland under the influence of the Anglian medieval kingdom of Northumbria Frankfurt is located on an ancient ford Ford crossing A ford is a shallow place with good footing where a river or stream may be crossed by wading or in a vehicle.

A ford is mostly a natural phenomenon, in contrast to a low water crossing, which is an artificial bridge that allows crossing a river or stream when water is low. The names of many towns From the third to fifth centuries some Franks raided Roman territory while other Franks joined the Roman troops in Gaul.

Only the Salian Franks formed a It lies in the east of the country and is one of the new federal states that were re-created in upon the reunification of the former West Germany and East Germany. The capital is Potsdam At the end of the s it reached a population peak with more than 87, inhabitants The common abbreviations for the city, which are primarily used in railway services and on road signs, are Frankfurt MainFrankfurt MFrankfurt a. The common acronym for the city is Ffm or FFM.

The older English spelling of Frankfort is now rarely seen. It was most often used to refer especially to the east of the Rhine and north of the Danube The city district Bonames has a name probably dating back to Roman times—it is thought to be derived from bona me n sa. Nida Heddernheim was also a Roman civitas capital. It is mainly used in scholarly contexts, such as in academic or legal texts English English language English is a West Germanic language that arose in the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of England and spread into what was to become south-east Scotland under the influence of the Anglian medieval kingdom of Northumbria He expanded the Frankish kingdom into an empire that incorporated much of Western and Central Europe.

This church council condemned the Adoptionist heresy and revoked decrees regarding the holy icons which were established in at the Second Council of Nicaea It was ruled by the Holy Roman Emperor. Its character changed during the Middle Ages and the Early Modern period, when the power of the emperor gradually weakened in favour of the princes Aachen was a favoured residence of Charlemagne, and the place of coronation of the Kings of Germany. Geographically, Aachen is the westernmost town of Germany, located along its borders with Belgium and the Netherlands, The medieval fortress and prison in Paris known as the Bastille represented royal authority in the centre of Paris.

While the prison only contained seven inmates at the time of its storming, its fall was the flashpoint The elections and coronations took place in St. Frankfurt Cathedral is the main church of Frankfurt and was constructed in the 14th and 15th centuries on the foundation of an earlier church from the Merovingian time Emperor's Cathedralor in its predecessors.

His political and cultural ambitions, based in Sicily and stretching through Italy to Germany, and even to Jerusalem, were enormous The fair became particularly important when similar fairs in French Beaucaire lost attraction around Book trade fairs have been held in Frankfurt since In Frankfurt became a Reichsstadt en: Imperial cityi.

It was one of the most destructive conflicts in European history Primarily carried by rodents and spread to humans via fleas, the disease is notorious throughout history, due to the unrivaled scale of death After the end of the war, Frankfurt regained its wealth.

As a continuation of the wars sparked by the French Revolution ofthey revolutionised European armies and played out on an unprecedented scale, mainly due to Frankfurt was occupied or bombarded several times by French troops. In it become part of the principality of Aschaffenburg Principality of Aschaffenburg The Principality of Aschaffenburg was a principality of the Holy Roman Empire and the Confederation of the Rhine from — Its capital was Aschaffenburg This also meant that Frankfurt was incorporated into the confederation of the Rhine Confederation of the Rhine The Confederation of the Rhine was a confederation of client states of the First French Empire.

The Treaty of Pressburg, in effect, led to the It came into existence in through the combination of the former territories of the Archbishops of Mainz along with the Free Imperial City of Frankfurt itself As Napoleon I, he was Emperor of the French from to The Grand Duchy remained a short episode lasting from towhen the military tide turned in favour of the Anglo-Prussian lead allies, which overturned the Napoleonic order of central Europe.

The objective of the Congress was to settle the many issues arising from the French Revolutionary Wars, the Napoleonic Wars, It acted as a buffer between the powerful states of Austria and Prussia The Imperial capital was Vienna, except from towhen it was moved to Prague After the ill-fated revolution ofFrankfurt was the seat of the first democratically elected German parliament, the Frankfurt Parliament Frankfurt Parliament The Frankfurt Assembly was the first freely elected parliament for all of Germany.

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Paul's Church and was opened on 18 May In the year of its existence, the assembly developed a common constitution for a unified Germany, with the Prussian king as its monarch.

The Prussian administration incorporated Frankfurt into its province of Hesse-Nassau. The formerly independent towns of Bornheim and Bockenheim were incorporated in This is the only civic foundation of a university in Germany; today it is one of Germany's largest universities.

The uprising took place initially on the occasion of the call for a general strike issued by the Social Democrat members of the German government in response to the Kapp Putsch of 13 March Ludwig Landmann was a liberal German politician of the Weimar Republic Mayor of the city, and led a significant expansion during the following years.

However, during the Nazi era Nazi Germany Nazi Germanyalso known as the Third Reichbut officially called German Reich from to and Greater German Reich from 26 June onward, is the name commonly used to refer to the state of Germany from towhen it was a totalitarian dictatorship ruled by This use of the Greek term synagogue originates in the Septuagint where it sometimes translates the Hebrew word for assembly, kahal Post-war reconstruction generally used modern architecture, and a few landmark buildings were rebuilt in a simple historical style About 5, residents were killed during the raids, and the once famous medieval city centre, by that time the largest in Germany, was destroyed.

Post-war reconstruction took place in a sometimes simple modern style, thus irrevocably changing the architectural face of Frankfurt. Only very few landmark buildings have been reconstructed historically, albeit in a simplified manner.

During the Revolution and the ensuing Civil War in Russia, the Muyzenberg family faced in a precarious situation. In Leendert was forced to return to the Netherlands. Here, the family became involved with the Christian-anarchist movement, the temperance movement, and other organizations propagating non-conformist lifestyles.

In the board of the Dutch Union of Christian Factory and Transport Workers decided that the time had come for a new propaganda film. Based on a scenario by H. The film, which bore the title Toegemuurde verten, was an authentic feature film.

Previously, Visie had made only documentaries. The film is a rather moralistic Christian story about a young unemployed worker who resorts to crime but is rescued from this fate by a Christian trade union activist. The film has a total running time of 48 minutes and is technically well-made.

In addition to the scenes featuring actors, it features authentic footage of Amsterdam inmainly street scenes, as well as the harbour and workers at their jobs. Over the following seven months he kept an elaborate diary, which served as the basis for his book The Maiden Voyage of the Willem Barendsz. The book reflected extensive criticism of the hygiene, working hours, and working conditions aboard the ship.

The Nederlandsche Maatschappij voor de Walvischvaart N. The press, the Dutch parliament, and the responsible ministers became interested. Ultimately, the complaints were given serious consideration, and on subsequent voyages working conditions aboard the Willem Barendsz were much improved.

In the daughter of Dr Melchior entrusted his original diaries to the International Institute of Social History and financed their digitization. Scanned issues of Majoor Sandesh published by the Textile Labour Association, for the years ;and Complete runs of the issues of two Bengali daily newspapers, published in Dhaka: The Daily Star and Janakantha. Dainik Janakantha is a Bengali-language daily published from Dhaka, Bangladesh and owned by the Globe group.

Janakantha was first published in The Daily Star is the largest circulating English daily in Bangladesh. The thriving fishing trade and industry in the north slumped during the war 23 under the double impact of restrictions imposed on the industry and the effect of armed conflict. The collection consists of documents relating to the early days of activism, international connections, and letters written to military authorities and contains documents in Tamil and English.

This collection consists of the private archive and library of Abolhassan Banisadr, the first president of the Islamic Republic of Iran. The archive comprises manuscripts of the correspondence of Mr Banisadr with political figures and individual citizens both from Iran and from the Iranian diaspora community, starting before the revolution of and continuing to the present.

In addition to these manuscripts, the collection includes printed books and periodicals, such as the Enghelab Eslami the Islamic Revolution — the journal published by Banisadr since This collection contains postcards, business cards, and photographs of the ruling elites, individual courtiers, and commoners during the Qajar period in Iran.

Photographs covering the Iranian Constitutional Revolution of provide insight into daily life in early twentiethcentury Iran. This collection contains material on working conditions and standards of living among local and migrant oil, mine, and transport workers in the Caucasus.

The collection covers the period from the Russian February Revolution of until the Bolshevik takeover of the Caucasus in Thanks to a donation, the International Institute of Social History obtained a rare album compiled by the Soviet timber export organization Leseksport, depicting work and labour conditions at the new, fully mechanized timber-loading terminal of the Leningrad port 24 during the late s and early s.

The photos in the album are of very high quality and feature handwritten captions in English, which suggests that only a few copies of the album were ever produced. Archive and Research Kyiv.

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This video, photo, and interview collection documents labour protest at the Kherson machine-building plant and interviews conducted by Mihai Varga with workers and union activists at Ukrainian machinebuilding plants for his phd research.

The interviews are accompanied by a complete set of transcripts. Also includes materials gathered in the course of the election campaign. The pwo was established in in response to the death of women active within other Palaung organizations and was formed with the intention of educating and empowering women. In the first, over 1, records were migrated from the Geac Advance system to Evergreen, an opensource cataloguing system.

This was accomplished almost entirely by iish staff, who defined the parameters, worked on implementing the system, and organized an internal training programme based on new or improved manuals. In addition, several traditional workflows were adapted to new circumstances.

Moreover, we seized the opportunity to improve the marc21 cataloguing format in use and to upgrade our descriptions to the present international standard. The system went live over the summer. During the migration, we learned a lot about working with an open-source community. In addition, several modules are under development. The second project, which coincided largely with the first, consisted primarily of moving a substantial part of the collection to make possible the construction work that would transform our top floor into state-of-the-art stacks.

Hundreds of meters of archives and printed matter were temporarily stored elsewhere, which inevitably demanded serious efforts in administration and registration to track movements and inform users of the unavailability of certain documents. At the same time, many offices were reallocated to facilitate the new arrangements, and part of the staff changed places.

Even though this was virtually unavoidable, the resulting backlog will have to be eliminated in the near future. Access The department arranged m of archives and documentation collections and published 33 lists and inventories see box. The major archives that have been arranged are the archives of the Dutch branches of Greenpeace and Amnesty International see boxes. In addition, the project to arrange and describe the historic collections of the Netherlands Institute for Southern Africa niza was completed.

The project started in ; this large collection has now been transferred to the iish, see page Other important archives arranged include: His papers contain typescripts of published and unpublished monographs on individuals and organizations, extensive documentation on the Spanish Libertarian Movement mle in Spain and in exile, with correspondence, bulletins, circulars, leaflets, minutes, and clippings from The arranged papers span The archives of Sijthoff Pers, a Dutch publishing company founded in Leiden inwhich issued several newspapers, such as the Leidsch Dagblad sinceHaagsche Courant sinceand Rotterdamsch Nieuwsblad since In and again in publication was halted, and the company ceased to exist.

The 29 records were stored at the Netherlands Press Museum. Among them are the minutes of the Board from onwards, correspondence dating back toand documents on management, takeovers, participations, and mergers since The arranged records span A total of 4, audiovisual items were described, among them posters, photographs, and 3, prints and drawings.

Since Octoberfive volunteers have worked on improving access to the collection of photographs of the Dutch labour party pvda. Most of these pictures were taken at events such as congresses, party meetings, visits by foreign delegations, and the like, from the late s through the early s see photograph on p. The collection also features many portraits.

Such details are communicated to iish staff, who update the Evergreen catalogue records; so far, photographs have been treated in this way.

They belong to the Netherlands Press Museum, which funded the work.

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In the first half of the year, drawings by Fritz Behrendt itemsCharles Boost, the brother of Wim, a fellow cartoonist known as WiBoand Lex Metz 1, were made accessible. These archives had been put on microfilm before with the support of Metamorfoze. This cartoon by Peter van Straaten became very time-consuming.

The sole reference was the date indicated: The hole burned into the drawing reveals the buttocks on a second cartoon pasted onto the reverse side. Even the cartoonist was unable to disclose information about the politician depicted.

Presumably, the cartoon portrays Piet Hein Donner following the fire at the Schiphol detention centre on 27 October At the time he was the minister of Justice and as such politically accountable. Collection Press Museum 32 Lists and Inventories List and inventories were compiled and posted on the website for the archives and collections of: Meeting of the Dutch labour party Pvda in Photograph by Arthur Bagen.

Collection iish Amnesty Netherlands Archive The archive of the Dutch section of Amnesty International was transferred to the iish in Shortly thereafter, a somewhat older section was added that had been at the Utrecht state archive for several years.

It had been placed there in the s, thanks to active Amnesty members employed at this state archive at the time. Because Amnesty International celebrated its 50th anniversary inthe Dutch chapter gave the Institute funding toward arranging the archive. The total archive spanned m. The inventory will not cover the entire archive, because over 16 m. Some items of interest concern the initial unsuccessful attempt to set up a Dutch branch in Back inthe journalist Elka Schrijver corresponded with Peter Benenson, one of the founders of Amnesty International, [first letter and response from Benenson in file ].

The early meetings were at the American Hotel in Amsterdam. In addition to Elka Schrijver, those present included the criminologist E. Brongersma and Father S. Peter Benenson was already present at the second meeting, but this first attempt to set up a Dutch branch ultimately failed. The initiators attributed the failure in part to communications with the head office in London and in part to the inadequate resources of the Dutch branch to open and maintain a secretariat.

They considered such a national secretariat essential for the chapter to be at all viable. The founders in London believed, however, that groups could function perfectly well on their own, without any supporting national organization. In addition highlighting another difference with respect to the 34 35 Amnesty International.

Nederlandse Vereniging ter bescherming van de Vrijheid van Meningsuiting Amnesty International] was signed in Rotterdam. The archive reveals how inventive the volunteers within the organization were in devising new action methods and in using them to reach the press. The May campaign infor example, received massive coverage, as did the first Torture Campaign in During this campaign a few Dutch celebrities, including the author Simon Carmiggelt, had themselves locked in a cage on a square in Delft.

Never before had a campaign drawn so much attention. As a result, the organization experienced massive growth in the s. From members in the late s, membership increased to 1, by The archive contains documents on virtually all actions and campaigns conducted over the years, as well as many papers about the work done behind the scenes: Over the years the organization has evolved into a professionally-run operation and one of the largest sections in the world.

The inventory comprises 64 m. The inventory is available for consultation online. Collection iish 37 Amnesty International. Collection iish 38 In iish staff members arranged the Greenpeace Netherlands archive. The files spanned approximately meters. After processing, nearly 70 meters remained. Arranging the archive came about thanks to a grant from Greenpeace Netherlands.

The project was conducted by the archivists Sabine Aarts and Kier Schuringa. The Greenpeace International archive is present at the iish as well. Greenpeace is an international environmental organization and has operated since the early s. The organization brings serious environmental problems to the attention of the political authorities and the general public through lobbying and non-violent campaigns.

Greenpeace is represented in 42 countries. The head office is in Amsterdam. Greenpeace Netherlands originated in as a small club of dedicated volunteers. The objective of Greenpeace Netherlands Foundation was to promote nature conservation and run campaigns for this cause.

In the mids public awareness about the organization increased through educational and general television campaigns, and the number of financial contributors rose from 5, in to overin and toin In about volunteers and 95 paid staff members worked for Greenpeace Netherlands, and the organization received support fromcontributors. Greenpeace runs cross-border operations. The Greenpeace offices team up on international campaigns, but each country — including Greenpeace Netherlands — has the discretion to determine its campaign format.

Collection iish 39 Greenpeace in the Barents sea, Collection iish Greenpeace protesting against the importation of hardwood from Indonesia and Brazil, Collection iish 42 Greenpeace manifesting against wood chopping in the Canadian rainforest, Collection iish depending on the country, the offices help each other and pool their knowledge and expertise.

Greenpeace Netherlands is thus an independent foundation that, though committed to the international strategy, charts its own course within the Netherlands. Greenpeace Netherlands is based in Amsterdam and operated from the same building as Greenpeace International untilafter which it moved into separate office facilities. Material comprising a medley of reports, correspondence, documentation, and clippings — standard fare in action group archives.

The documentation was purged, and all relevant documentation was stored with the archive material as needed. Government publications and documents, including copies of permit applications, were sifted from the material as well.

Library materials, such as annual reports, and publications by the organization, such as books and newsletters for contributors, were recorded and registered in the library.

Published reports, leaflets, and canvassing materials from the organization were entrusted to the archive and listed in the inventory. The archive seems fairly complete except for board documents from the early 80s and runs toin addition to several individual documents until about The file also included boxes of items from Greenpeace International, which were easily separated and transferred to the Greenpeace International archive.

The Greenpeace Netherlands archive for the period comprises a wealth of information about environmental activism from the s to the present. The inventory reflects the activities and organization of Greenpeace Netherlands: Important meeting series include those of the Board and the Campaign Council In the s the campaigns were mainly about seal hunting, from the s they addressed whale hunting, in the s nuclear testing and radioactive waste in the sea.

In the first climate campaign took place, and a lot of time and energy was devoted to the events concerning the oil storage buoy for shuttle tankers Brent Spar and owner Shell, while in the following decade clean energy and genetic modification were areas of concern.

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All this appears in the archive. The collection comprises the archives and related library and documentation materials of the three former anti-apartheid groups, which merged to form the Netherlands institute for Southern Africa niza in They also include materials from and about well-known activists, such as Sietse Bosgra, Conny Braam, Peter Waterman, and Klaas de Jonge, as well as the archives of several local Southern Africa groups.

It now includes not only materials on the Dutch anti-apartheid and solidarity Reproduction of a drawn portrait of Nelson Mandela while still in jail, made in by a professional visual artist in South Africa based on existing photographs and additional information from people who had recently seen him.

Collection iish Poster calling for a boycott of the apartheid regime in South Africa, designed by Victor Levie and produced by the Dutch Anti-Apartheid Movement in Collection iish 43 46 Meeting at the Free University in Amsterdam to protest against its ties with South Africa; from left to right: Matshikiza ancW. Reedijk student union and J. Both the photograph by Pieter Boersma and de huge backdrop by Jan Koperdraat and Toos Koedam are part of the iish collection.

These archives and collections largely cover the period from to The library and documentation collections of the anti-apartheid groups that merged to form the niza consist of a great many books, journals, photographs, posters, hundreds of videos, cassettes, badges, flags, T-shirts, and other memorabilia. Realizing the transfer of the niza collection and describing and integrating it into the holdings of the Institute required conducting a vast project from April to Aprilmade possible thanks to a very substantial donation from the sns reaal Fonds.

In the first two years the library and the image and sound materials were processed, including 2, books, 13, photographs, 1, posters, and 5, slides — far more items than originally envisaged. Hence, the project was not concluded by Apriland the work continues.

The remaining archives are expected to be processed in Poster designed by Parallax Vormgevers. Collection iish 48 Services 49 Reading Room Evaluation of the public services of the iish led to improvements in the delivery of information and documents in the reading room and through the virtual information desk. Rules and procedures were simplified, and opportunities for visitors to make or order reproductions were expanded.

Visitors can now make scans or photocopies themselves, within the limitations imposed by privacy restrictions and copyright rules. Visitors made ample use of this opportunity. Overall, though, usage statistics were similar to those of last year.

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About 8, archival units were consulted and 4, books were consulted. The amount of serials consulted was 3, and the amount of microforms consulted was 1, The reading room employees answered 4, requests. About 57 groups received guided tours of the collections, partly in de Bijzondere Collections Building. The collection was once again featured extensively in exhibitions. In the Netherlands posters and drawings were used in several exhibitions.

Website News reports, staff publications, and presentations of collections have been added to the iish website. Special presentations in included Occupy Amsterdam, Mandela and the Netherlands, NeoMalthusianism, terror from the past, deportations after the French 50 commune, a data base of labour migrants from Lippe, and the new region desks.

The total number of visits decreased slightly. In addition, much time was devoted to renovating the website. This project was largely completed inand the launch will follow in early The website, now accessible at socialhistory. The old website has been partially migrated to the Drupal content management system. Photographs and more posters have been added to the Socialhistoryshop, where orders may be placed.

Sales were fairly stable throughout A discount plan for fnv members generated few new orders. It was completed in December. Unfortunately, understaffing as a result of illness caused unexpected delays in several fields.

Social Media In the iish made still greater use of social media, especially for news about the Institute, but also to disseminate items from the collection. Twitter and Facebook, where the Institute has hundreds of followers, are used for all kinds of news, especially for disseminating what is known as the item of the day. Previously, Flickr was used intensively.

In interest grew, and the total of 3, photographs received more thanviews. Our collection is thus brought to the attention of the public via additional channels, and new groups learn about our collections. In some cases, additional information about specific photographs has been forthcoming as well.

Our research programme appears to be inspiring fellow professionals worldwide in increasing measure. The Institute was involved in organizing three new initiatives in this field.

The event, attended primarily by European and Latin American experts, was organized by our visiting researchers Raquel Varela and Sjaak van der Velden. This conference resulted in the establishment of the International Association for the Study of Strikes and Social Conflicts, which soon hopes to launch its own open-access online journal, entitled Workers of the World, from Brazil. Erdem Kabadayi — the first conference about this subject in Turkey, after similar but smaller workshops were conducted in Amsterdam nearly twenty years ago, in and A Comparative Approach was organized the organizers were Babacar Fall and Ineke Phaf-Rheinbergerthe first large-scale scholarly labour-history gathering in West Africa.

As the Global Labour History project thus continues to expand both geographically and in scope, and research on this subject comes about in several parts of the world, the Institute sees the need to focus its own research. Global Labour History encompasses an immensely broad scope. It has therefore been clear from the outset that only some of all possible questions engendered by this approach can be answered by a single research group.

We have therefore decided to target one important sub-section, i. The central research questions for the period were: In what measure are global changes historically inter-related?

And 3 what were the global social, economic, and cultural consequences of these changes in labour relations? The second research question is the central question; the first question should make it possible to answer the second one; the third question sheds light on the consequences of the previous two.

The Global Collaboratory on the History of Labour Relations,which gathers data systematically about the development of labour relations worldwide, is crucial in answering these questions. The project has entailed organizing workshops about India, New Delhi, Marchabout Africa Amsterdam, Apriland about Portugal and the Portuguese colonial empire Lisbon, October.

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Some of the data bases have been accessible online https: Global Attitudes and Valuations, A conference held this year on June, in conjunction with the University of Pittsburgh and addressing the global history of mutinies, will also be the subject of a special issue of the irsh in the future.

Other ongoing projects conducive to answering the central questions include clio-Infra, a data hub under development about global economic inequality to the present ; Fighting for a Living, on the comparative history of military labour; and Luxury and Labour, about shifts in global diamond processing since The project People, Plants and Work on ecological and labour aspects of global transfers of cash crops since the eighteenth century was officially concluded, yielding two virtually finished monographs and with additional publications in the pipeline.

The Historical Sample of the Netherlands, together with dans and vu 55 Amsterdam, obtained a grant toward the research project Census data open linked [cedar] — From fragment to fabric: Dutch census data in a web of global cultural and historic information, as part of the knaw Computational Humanities programme. In the autumn of this research project was launched with various researchers, including one at the iish. Ties between research and collection-building were strengthened, thanks to the toco operation, which, starting inled to the appointment of five soon to be six senior academics, who combine part-time research activities with part-time collection building.

On 29 June our staff member Jan Kok delivered his inaugural lecture at the Radboud University in Nijmegen, where he has been a professor of Comparative History of the Life Course since December ; he will remain affiliated with the Institute part-time for the time being. Kristoffel Lieten, professor of Child Labour at the University of Amsterdam on behalf of the iish, retired on 1 March. On 13 March the Institute, in collaboration with the universities of Leiden and Amsterdam, organized a public lecture by Noam Chomsky, entitled Contours of Global Order: Domination, Instability, and Xenophobia in a Changing World.

About persons attended the event. The new partnership will give rise among other things to a joint workshop on Genealogies of the Labour Camp in Together with Harvard University, we drafted the outlines of a plan for a global-history network to be formed in the next two years or so.

Discontinuation of funding from the Dutch government has forced the sephis programme for the South-South exchange of historians, operating until now from the iish, to seek an alternative base country; fortunately, seasrep, the Southeast Asian Studies Regional Exchange Programme in Manila the Philippineshas agreed to host the sephis secretariat for the next two years. The Institute regrets the loss of sephis but also welcomes this logical relocation to the South.

At the end of November, an international committee evaluated our research activities since ; the findings arising from these deliberations will be disclosed next year. Peter Lang; pp. Empires, Merchants and the Atlantic System, Leiden: For full list see page New Research Fellowships The iish is committed to making its collections accessible to the global scholarly community.

Many iish collections are of great value to historians in the South, who are often unfamiliar with this material or not in a position to consult them. Generous support from financial services provider sns reaal enabled the iish in to launch a fellowship programme for researchers wishing to use its collections to study social history especially labour history in the 57 South or from a comparative or transnational perspective.

To date, fifteen fellows have been selected from countries encompassing a vast geographic scope, such as India, Senegal, Argentina, Iran, and Ukraine. The fellows spend five months at the Institute working on their research projects, delivering presentations, and interacting with iish staff and visitors.

They submit a report on their experiences at the end of their stay. Discovering the collections as well as the scholarly community is immensely useful to them as the excerpt below demonstrates. The iish, in turn, benefits enormously from the privilege of interacting with these young researchers and learning about their various approaches to social and labour history.

In the assessment of her time at the iish she wrote: My 5-month stay at iish was very productive. Using the materials iish had collected, I was able to write an article on Pyidawtha Development Plans of Burma in the s … I was also able to do some research on the archives of Brigadier Maung Maung, and that research led me to a joint-editorial work for his memoir. Seminars at the Institute enriched my understanding of Labour History.

I learned a lot from these organized events, as well as from informal conversations with the staff. My conversation with Bhaswati Bhattacharya about Tagore was also unforgettable.