Practice papers | BMAT | Cambridge Assessment Admissions Testing
Guide to Referencing and Citations for Law Essays Accurate and The full OSCOLA document, giving more examples and covering the full in the same year distinguish them by date and letter (e.g. Howarth, a; . If you have referred to European cases, list them after the UK cases in a separate list. The Queen's Commonwealth Essay Competition was launched by HRH The Duchess The event was the first launch outside of the UK in many years, in the presence Building on the theme of Towards a Common Future, this year's topics call upon Keep up to date with the Competition on Twitter and Facebook. Would you like a screened, professional academic writer to write your essay? that we update you every step of the way and your essay is in good hands. Benefits like free revisions and money-back guarantee make it possible to to buy research paper online and pick any delivery date – from 3 hours up to 2 months.
The outer cosmos has become internalized. Adding a glacial sheen to this frozen hymn to distance and loneliness is the Mellotron MkII. A keyboard instrument originally designed to emulate the lushness of an entire orchestra by playing back pre-recorded tape loops, its reedy tones sound like nothing on Earth. Something that combines the versatility of the electronic music studio with the compactness of a musical instrument is required. Having been a radio enthusiast in his teens and trained as a radar operator during the Second World War, Tristram Cary already knows his way around a circuit diagram.
A distinctive array of oscillators, patch panel and joystick, tidily arranged with a free-standing wooden box, the EMS VCS3 is the shape of things to come: Although put out by Island Records, a label initially set up to release Jamaican reggae and progressive rock albums, Electric Storm exists in an alien iciness of its own making.
Satellite telecommunication systems mean that the whole world can now participate in what is happening as it happens; meanwhile pictures of our world sent back from the Moon during the summer of show a Global Village that is at once peaceful, remote and still. In the UK, however, it may seem to have gone on longer. As synthesizers become cheaper and more compact, electronic music moves slowly out of the studio and into clubs, concert venues and dancehalls.
A lot still separates the soundtrack from what it was intended to accompany, however. The unearthly sounds created throughout the s and s have sketched out a future that many listeners are starting to despair of ever catching up with.
Follow the Author
What often fills the gap between the two is the actual business of making the music itself. Thanks to the growing supply of new electronic instruments, publishing companies like Music de Wolfe, KPM, Chappell and Studio G are now able to supply the commercial TV and radio industries with vast libraries of pre-recorded material.
Its creators do not trade in moods or emotions; they merely hint at them and leave the listener to do the rest. The audio equivalent of astronaut food, this is music that has been freeze-dried and vacuum-packed for future consumption. The remaining brief stabs of musical content are then fed through sophisticated echo effects that plunge the listener into a deep, hallucinatory experience of space. Seemingly random selections of sounds and words, extended electronically in time, take on a new significance: To enhance the effect further still, Dub track producers often cut out the middle range of the mix, leaving only the low-end bass and the high treble sounds, which they then tweak even further until only a skeletal outline of some endless audible distance is left.
Early explorers of the sound, such as Lee Perry, King Tubby and Errol Thompson, become recognisable by the feel they bring to their dub creations from behind the controls of the studio mixing desk. As the space exploration programme, along with the industrial power base that has helped drive it, continues its rapid deceleration, the earthbound economy of mass production starts to go into reverse as well. The UK workforce shrinks rapidly as factories close: Operating out of Sheffield, Cabaret Voltaire creates the soundtrack for a disappearing populace: So far, so ugly: Atmospheres and Soundtracks to accompany stock NASA footage in a film documentary on the lunar missions.
It has taken just ten years since the final depopulation of the Moon back in to recognize that a similar process is also taking place in many of the cities here on our home planet. Storage Space With little else to do with their time as the century approaches its end, the unseen inhabitants of Earth start dancing instead.
Always the future sound of well-ordered productivity, electronic music is consequently transformed into dance music. The opposing activities of work and play converge in clubs and dancehalls throughout the UK, where a slow and steady process of discovery takes place over the remaining two decades of the millennium. Playback of this new species of electronic beat in such venues is largely determined by how it is stored and reproduced.
Cutting and looping tracks together, the DJ creates elisions in time and space capable of enveloping dancers across the Western hemisphere. In a reciprocal effect, the after-party takes place in Manchester, where the tight hallucinogenic repetitions of Acid House are rewired using cheap samplers, even cheaper drum machines and the Roland Bass Line: This is hard music for hard times.
Technical resources for this new project are so limited that cables are cut in half in order to patch more machines together while bare wires are jammed into power sockets with matchsticks to cut down on costs. The sampler becomes a means of digitally reactivating sounds and voices that have been kept in cultural cold storage for decades: Nurtured within the dark, humid atmosphere of the dance club, weird new musical hybrids come into being: Finally all of these alien species of technological plant life are grouped together under a single, suitably botanical-sounding classification: Since the introduction of this term, the history of electronic music has expanded to fill the space provided by it.
Library Music archives, especially those dating from late s to the early s, are continually probed for fresh recordings to be sampled, studied or stored on compilation CDs. The product of an industrial process rather than the creative endeavour of individual talents, it is the perfect musical readymade by virtue of which history is constantly being rewritten as context rather than intention. Taking the whole process a stage further, Jim Jupp and Julian House of Ghost Box Records access the music of the past by the simple expedient of creating it for themselves.
Recent albums by the likes of Belbury Poly, the Focus Group, Roj and the Advisory Circle all seem to have emanated from some obscure catalogue of recordings that exists in a parallel universe.
By giving narrative shape to such spectral emanations, its releases always feel more like transcriptions of past events: In a grim echo of the mass hysteria generated by the Martian spaceship after its discovery in Knightsbridge, the history of this remarkable all-female ensemble, as detailed in the sleeve notes to their debut album, is filled with incidents of audience members succumbing to feelings of intense anxiety followed by an overwhelming sense of euphoria.
Playing at church halls, airfields and scooter runs, the Sisters of Transistors blend themes from hymns and horror movies to alarming effect, using a wide range of vintage electric organs and synthesizers. Brainchild of Glasgow-based composer Drew Mulholland, its title references the precise London location where the Martian hull is first unearthed, long known as the site of numerous disturbing apparitions. Operating out of Brighton as Semiconductor, the duo have created an arresting stream of sound films, music videos, live cinema events and multimedia installations that explore the mysterious terrain between the visual and the auditory, the instantaneous and the preprogrammed.
Beyond selecting and editing the untreated footage that makes up this enigmatic and challenging short film, they have added nothing except synthesized sounds associated with radio astronomy and solar radiation, using the wildly flickering image to control their intensity.
Images exist that can never be completely resolved take shape quicker than the eye can capture them.
The line between abstraction and representation is rapidly erased. Adventures in Sonic Fiction reconfigures outer space as cybernetic space. Subsequent musical explorations such as Dubstep take place within a collapsing universe of styles and effects, one that has become so dense that it threatens to stop time itself.
You might have read a book of short stories on Google Books, or watched a television series on Netflix. It is important to cite these containers within containers so that your readers can find the exact source that you used. Accessed 27 May Other contributors In addition to the author, there may be other contributors to the source who should be credited, such as editors, illustrators, translators, etc.
If their contributions are relevant to your research, or necessary to identify the source, include their names in your documentation. In the eighth edition, terms like editor, illustrator, translator, etc.
- Gospel Topics Essays
- Harvard Referencing Generator
- Thesis Statements For Hamlet Essays Along With Essay Topics
A History of Insanity in the Age of Reason. Annotated and with an introduction by Vara Neverow, Harcourt, Inc. Version If a source is listed as an edition or version of a work, include it in your citation. Crowley, Sharon, and Debra Hawhee. Ancient Rhetorics for Contemporary Students. Number If a source is part of a numbered sequence, such as a multi-volume book, or journal with both volume and issue numbers, those numbers must be listed in your citation.
Current Conditions and Future Directions. The International Online-Only Journal, vol. Accessed 20 May Publisher The publisher produces or distributes the source to the public.
Museum of Modern Art, New York. Problems of the Digestive System. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, Daniels, Greg and Michael Schur, creators.
Publication date The same source may have been published on more than one date, such as an online version of an original source. For example, a television series might have aired on a broadcast network on one date, but released on Netflix on a different date.
When the source has more than one date, it is sufficient to use the date that is most relevant to your use of it. This is the way to create a general citation for a television episode. However, if you are discussing, for example, the historical context in which the episode originally aired, you should cite the full date. An essay in a book, or an article in journal should include page numbers.
The location of an online work should include a URL. A physical object that you experienced firsthand should identify the place of location.
Spaceship UK: Spaceship UK Essay | Sound and Music
Optional elements The eighth edition is designed to be as streamlined as possible. The author should include any information that helps readers easily identify the source, without including unnecessary information that may be distracting.
Date of original publication: If a source has been published on more than one date, the writer may want to include both dates if it will provide the reader with necessary or helpful information.
The seventh edition handbook required the city in which a publisher is located, but the eighth edition states that this is only necessary in particular instances, such as in a work published before When you cite an online source, the MLA Handbook recommends including a date of access on which you accessed the material, since an online work may change or move at any time.