Tonga Food & Drinks | Tonga Vacation & Tours - /20 | Goway
is in the main late, it proves possible to date many of the pottery features example of this tradition continuing undisturbed (in Tonga through years) up to. The fact that the date-line lies near to Tonga explains why it is the first This is your best chance to see authentic traditional music and dancing – be ready to. Dating girls in our Tongan society has changed alot,when we compare from my parents time and when I was growing up as well it has changed.
Seventy years as a British protectorate until resulted in widespread knowledge of English. Though much of the village population knows little English, in Nuku'alofa and other major towns, most business transactions are conducted in it.
English is taught in elementary schools and is the language of most high school instruction. However, Tongan is the language commonly spoken in the streets, shops, markets, schools, offices, and churches. History and Ethnic Relations Emergence of the Nation.
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The Tongan creation myth describes how the islands were fished from the ocean by Maui, one of the three major gods. Another myth explains how 'Aho'eitu became the first Tu'i Tonga king. He was the son of a human female and the god Tangaloa. Human and divine at the same time, the Tu'i Tonga was the embodiment of the Tongan people, and this is still a powerful metaphor.
Tongans were fierce warriors and skilled navigators whose outrigger canoes could carry up to two hundred people. For centuries they exercised political and cultural influence over several neighboring islands. By the time of the first European contact in late s and early s, the empire had collapsed, and the authority of the Tu'i Tonga was restricted mostly to the religious realm.
King George Tupou I, the first king of modern Tonga, introduced the constitution in after unifying the four island groups. He had previously converted to Christianity and opportunistically waged expansionist wars from Ha'apai to Vava'u and then to Tongatapu.
Christian principles characterize the constitution, which very likely was prepared under the influence of Wesleyan Tonga missionaries. George Tupou I transformed Tonga into a modern state, abolishing slavery and the absolute power of chiefs. Since the last Tu'i Tonga had no official heir, as the head of the other two royal lines, King George became the only king of Tonga.
The constitution recognizes only his royal line. Inthe British granted Tonga's request for protectorate status. Inall powers were restored to the Tongan monarchy. The British protectorate shielded Tonga from other colonizing powers. A spirit of independence and pride was nurtured during the long reign of Queen Salote —who led the nation into the twentieth century, paying special attention to preserving its heritage.
Because of her vision, Tongan culture is an integral part of the school curriculum. Students learn Tongan history, traditional poetry, music, and dancing, along with wood carving, mat weaving, and bark cloth making. Urbanism, Architecture, and the Use of Space The first European visitors spoke of a population scattered throughout a densely cultivated land.
Now Tongans are concentrated in villages and small towns. Most villages lie around an empty area, called mala'ethat is used for social gatherings and games. A traditional house stands on a raised platform of stones and sand. It is oval in shape with a thatched roof and walls of woven palm tree panels. The toilet and the kitchen are in separate huts. Contemporary houses are usually bigger and made of timber with corrugated iron roofs.
Little furniture is used. The simplicity of house architecture contrasts with the monumentality of earlier royal buildings and tombs. The royal tombs are layered pyramidal structures built of massive stone slabs. The huge Ha'amonga trilithon, made of two stone columns topped with a notched column, was built around C.
One hypothesis suggests that it was the door to the royal compound, and another that it was used for astronomical purposes. These monuments bear witness to the power of the Tu'i Tonga.
They also indicate the sophisticated stone-cutting technology and skills of the ancient craftsmen. Food and Economy Food in Daily Life. Both in villages and in the main towns, food is the occasion for a family gathering only at the end of the day. Otherwise, food is consumed freely at any time. The basic staples are root crops like taro accompanied by fried or roasted meat or fish. Taro leaves are one of the various green vegetables used together with a variety of tropical fruits like bananas, pineapples, and mangoes.
Food Customs at Ceremonial Occasions. The ritual of kava drinking characterizes both formal and daily events. Kava is prepared by grinding dried roots and mixing the powder with water in a ceremonial bowl. It is nonalcoholic but slightly narcotic. People sit cross-legged in an elliptical pattern whose long axis is headed by the bowl on one side and by the highest-ranked participant on the other.
Tonga Food & Drinks
The preparation and serving of the drink are done by a young woman, usually but not always the only female participant, or by male specialists. The The royal palace in Nukualofa.
Tonga is a constitutional monarchy. Kava clubs are found in the towns, and kava drinking gatherings take place almost daily in the villages. The economy centers on agriculture and fishing. Major exports are vanilla, fish, handicrafts, and pumpkins grown for export to Japan. King Taufa'ahau Tupou IV has modernized the country's economy.Single in Denmark: Ask The Sexpert
Based largely on foreign aid from New Zealand, Australia, the United States, and the European Community and on imports, this process has created a widespread presence of Western products. The agricultural base of the economy remains.
The tourist industry is growing, and revenues from Tongans working abroad are one of the largest sources of income. Typical agricultural produce are root crops such as taro, tapioca, sweet potatoes, and yams. Coconuts, bananas, mangoes, papayas, pineapples, watermelons, peanuts, and vegetables are grown.
Pigs and fowl are abundant and free ranging. Cows, sheep, and goats also are present. Intensive shellfishing is conducted along the shores, and there is an abundant fish supply.
Royal visits and funerals call for the preparation of large amounts of food. Roasted piglets are laid in the center of a pola tray made of woven palm tree leaves. Root crops, meats, and shellfish prepared in the 'umu underground oven are added and garnished with fresh fruits, decorative flowers, ribbons, and balloons. In villages, food is consumed while one sits on a mat; in towns, tables are used.
Land Tenure and Property. All land is owned by the king, the nobles, and the government. Foreigners cannot own land by constitutional decree. Owners have the right to sublet land to people who pay a tribute, traditionally food. Every citizen above age 16 is entitled to lease eight and a quarter acres of land from the government for a small sum, but the growing population and its concentration in the capital make it increasingly difficult to exercise this right.
Social Stratification Classes and Castes. Traditional society had at its top the ha'a tu'i kingsfollowed by the hou'eiki chiefsha'a matapule talking chiefskau mu'a would-be talking chiefsand kau tu'a commoners. All titles were heritable and followed the male line of descent almost exclusively. This hierarchical social structure is still essentially in place. Tribute to the chiefs was paid twice a year. Agricultural produce and gifts such as butchered animals, bark cloth, and mats were formally offered to the Tu'i Tonga and, through him, to the gods in an elaborate ceremony called 'inasi.
The king now visits all the major islands at least once a year on the occasion of the Royal Agriculture Show. The gift giving and formalities at the show closely resemble those of the 'inasi. The constitution eliminated the title of chief and introduced the title of nopele noblewhich was given to thirty-three traditional chiefs.
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Only nobles and the king are now entitled to own and distribute land. An increasingly market-oriented economy and an expanding bureaucracy have recently added a middle class that runs the gamut from commoners to chiefs. Newly acquired wealth, however, does not easily overcome social barriers rooted in history. Often claims to higher social status are established by claiming kinship to holders of aristocratic titles.
The Kingdom of Tonga is a constitutional monarchy. The constitution prescribes a legislative assembly with twenty members representing the thirty-three nobles and twenty members elected as people's representatives. Inboth groups were reduced to nine each.
Twelve other members are appointed by the king: In the election, six of the people's representatives belonged to the new Pro-Democracy Movement that in became the Democratic Party founded by 'Akilisi Pohiva. The kingdom is divided into districts, each headed by a district officer. Every three years, each village elects a town officer who represents the government and holds village meetings fono where government regulations are made known. Every villager above 16 years of age is entitled to attend.
People do not take part in the decision-making process but show approval or dissent through their implementation of the instructions.
Social Welfare and Change Programs Every citizen is entitled to free primary education, a plot of land at age 16, and free medical care. Hospitals, dispensaries, and pharmacies are distributed over the territory. Smaller government clinics are present in some villages in the outer islands. To support the modernization of the country, in the Tongan Development Bank was established. Financed by the World Bank and contributions from New Zealand and Australia, it provides low-interest loans for entrepreneurs.
Foreigners who want to invest in the country need a Tongan partner for any economic venture. Peace Corps, the Japanese Overseas Cooperation Volunteers, and development organizations connected with the British, New Zealand, and Australian governments are among the active aid agencies. They work in the fields of education, health, agriculture, and entrepreneurship. The introduction of wage labor in twentieth century privileged men, altering an equilibrium between genders that had lasted for centuries.
Cash is now an element of wealth, and wage-earning men have easier access to it. However, the old egalitarian attitude toward the two sexes has not been altered by economic and technological changes. In contemporary offices, shops, and banks, working women are prominent. In villages, most men take care of the land or tend animals. Women weave mats and make bark cloth.
Both women and men actively participate in parenting. Food preparation is shared between the male and female members of a family.
The preparation of the 'umu underground ovennow restricted to Sundays and special occasions, is an almost exclusive male activity. Older children help with activities and household chores. The Relative Status of Women and Men.
Wanderlust recommends Catch a Match. Rugby is more than a sport in Tonga: The islands punch way above their weight on the international Rugby circuit: From midnight on Saturday until Midnight on Sunday, Tonga does religion.
You might as well join in — all other entertainment stops Make an Umu. Dig a hole in the ground, make a fire in it. When they are hot, remove ashes, add meat and vegetables, cover with banana leaves, leave for hours Climb Cliffs. Bushwalking the volcanic landscapes, with ash fields and tropical forests, is always a delight Catch some Kava. Infused from the sun-dried root and stem of the kava plant, the mildly intoxicating kava is an essential part of Tongan culture.
Drinking ceremonies are intricate social affairs, usually dominated by men, but women are invited to join in on special occasions Dive Deep. The Pacific waters teem with life. Dolphins and turtles are often seen, and from June to November humpback whales visit Find a Feast. The locals love feasting and often invite travellers. This is your best chance to see authentic traditional music and dancing — be ready to keep going into the small hours Wanderlust tips Take gifts.
The locals are welcoming, especially in rural areas, but it's always good to be able to show your appreciation.