File:Celsus library in ordendelsantosepulcro.info - Wikimedia Commons
Built in AD, it is a monumental tomb for Gaius Julius Celsus Ephesus, Turkey File history. Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. The Celsus Library in Ephesus, Turkey, held scrolls. It was built in AD by Gaius Julius Aquila who wanted to honour his father, I think my guidebook was out of date since it said visitors could walk through a long. Pergamon is an ancient city dating as the celsus library is the most famous part of the ruins of ephesus in turkey it was built between and ad by. Dating.
Construction began around A.
Library of Celsus - Wikipedia
The exterior was decorated with columns and pediments, and four niches displayed female statues representing Celsus' attributes: The building contained more than 12, scrolls, which were stored in cupboards set inside niches within the three-story interior.
The marble sarcophagus of Celsus was placed in a vaulted chamber located beneath the large semicircular niche at the center rear of the library. Unfortunately, the library and its contents were destroyed by fire as a result of an earthquake around A. Another earthquake, possibly during the late Byzantine period, subsequently destroyed the facade.
Library of Celsus Ephesus - My Favourite Planet
It remained in ruins until reconstruction efforts were undertaken during the s, at which time the facade was rebuilt. A nearby informational placard provides more details and images of the Library of Celsus. Celsus, was from a Greek family of priests, either from Ephesus or Sardis.Ephesus , Celsus Library 3D
In turn Vespasian appointed him as a senator in 70 AD. He bequeathed the money for the building of the library in his will see the inscription below.
It is still there today, though unfortunately not accessible to visitors. Above ground, the two-storey building was one of the largest libraries in the Graeco-Roman world, especially after the destruction of the Library of Alexandria by Julius Caesar and the removal of thevolumes of Pergamon's library by Mark Antony, allegedly as a gift for Cleopatra see Pergamon gallery 2, page The Library of Celsus could hold an estimated 12, papyrus scrolls.
The library was destroyed by a fire caused either by an earthquake in AD, or the Goth invasion of AD.
- Library of Celsus
- File:Turkey 2798B - Celsus Library - Ephesus (5842491206).jpg
- The celsus library in ephesus dating from 135 ad
The facade later became part of a fountain built with stone from other buildings, including the Parthian Monument which commemorated the victory of Emperor Lucius Verus over the Parthian Empire in AD. Flanking the entrances are four pairs of Composite columns elevated on pedestals.
A set of Corinthian columns stands directly above the first set, adding to the height of the building. The pairs of columns on the second level frame the windows as the columns on the first level frame the doors, and also create niches that house copies of the originals: The main entrance is both a crypt containing Celsus 's sarcophagus and a sepulchral monument to him.
Ephesus: Library of Celsus - Mike and Statue of Episteme (Επιστήμη)
The building's other sides are architecturally irrelevant as the library was flanked by buildings. A statue of Celsus or of Athenagoddess of truth, stood in the apse and Celsus' tomb lay directly below in a vaulted chamber. Along the other three sides were rectangular recesses that held cupboards and shelves for the 12, scrolls.