reassessment of attributes and relationships, and the drafting of this (dates). The final document was approved by the IFLA Committee on. Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records is a conceptual entity– relationship model FRBR is built upon relationships between and among entities. "Relationships serve as the vehicle for depicting the link between one entity and another, and thus. This vocabulary is an expression in RDF of the concepts and relations described in dc:date=""> Expression of Core FRBR.
This is the really exciting area. If I had my way, I would change FRBR to mean Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Relationships, because relationships between sets of bibliographic data is really what display is all about. Think about when you are searching for something on the internet.
Is your first step always to find it?
What if you just want a good book to read? You want to have some assurance you might actually like the book, but maybe all the information you have is other books or authors or topics you like reading.
How do commercial sites like Amazon and Netflix or library-related resources such as NoveList help the user go from wanting something to finding something? This is what I am thinking about.
Did I mention the mind-boggling array of relations? The views expressed here are mine. They are not necessarily the opinions of TLC nor should they be taken as promises for future development.
Now with that disclaimer, I am going to point out a couple of places where TLC is already working in this area. LS2 Kids Series already is using the concepts of creating relationships where we humans know they exist, but maybe there is not enough data in the local MARC record to create that relationship.
In that series, not only are the English language books included, but also foreign language versions of the same titles, different formats book, large print, recorded books, etcthe Jim Carey movie.
These are all related in some manner. All of these relationships are curated by TLC at this time.
Expression of Core FRBR Concepts in RDF
Using both a more formal matching algorithm and a more automated process than LS2 Kids, eBiblioFile is able to create relationships between incoming raw data and MARC records.
TLC is using MARC data to inform the relationships between formats, editions, and other elements of particular titles. But what if we could go beyond that? What if we could develop algorithms and APIs to reveal even more relationships and support serendipitous discovery like never before? It may sound out there, but if you can imagine it, you can achieve it. Anything else I need to know? The biggest takeaway I can suggest from this paper is this: Expect to see invitations and opportunities to discuss your ideas with TLC on how you would like to see some of the concepts discussed here expressed through our software.
RDA and FRBR Tell me again why I care?
Hang on to your hats, it is about to get fun! Glossary of Terms BibFrame The long name is Bibliographic Framework Transition Initiative, which was launched by The Library of Congress and is a review of the bibliographic framework to better accommodate future needs. A major focus of the initiative will be to determine a transition path for the MARC 21 exchange format in order to reap the benefits of newer technology while preserving a robust data exchange that has supported resource sharing and cataloging cost savings in recent decades.
FRAD defines names, controlled access points and other identifiers with expanded descriptions. Linked Data see below may ultimately be more effective in defining these relationships. It is a global voice of the library and information profession, and its annual conference provides a venue for librarians to learn from one another. As FRBR is fairly well described in other documents [ 1 ], I will not describe it here, apart from saying that the model consists of three components: Works and expressions are abstract.
Manifestations and items relate to physical publications. The other entities might also appear as subject entities. ISBN ; an item copy has a call number. There are, of course, several more attributes than those mentioned here.
Expression of Core FRBR Concepts in RDF
A work is created by a person. There is a lot more to it than described here and I can only recommend reading the full report from the IFLA Study group [ 1 ]. Entities, attributes and relations in present catalogues We start out this journey by looking at a record from the Norwegian national bibliography parts of the record have been translated into English for the purpose of this article, but still in ISBD: Traavik, Morten, Kaptein Marlows testamente: Den Nationale scene, Catalogue record for a manuscript by Traavik called 'Kaptein Marlows testamente'.
Putting on the 'FRBR glasses' we see several entities, attributes and relations here. There are four person entities: There are two work entities with the title attributes Kaptein Marlows testamente and Heart of darkness respectively.
There are two expressions mentioned: There is no explicit statement that these translations are of Joseph Conrad's novel, but from the whole setting it becomes clear. We see the relation freely after or "based on" between the two works Kaptein Marlows testamente and Heart of darkness.
We might understand from the information given, that "Heart of darkness" is created by Joseph Conrad. We might also understand that Sigurd Hoel and Marghareta Odelberg are responsible for for the Norwegian and Swedish translations of the Conrad novel. The record and the data are presented in such a way that it can be understood by the human mind and eye.
But no computer could ever extract the logical model from these data.
Following some investigations into several library catalogues I was able to make a drawing of the entities and relations shown in figure 2. The boxes are entities with attribute texts inside and the arrows are relations.
Works, expressions, manifestations and relations between the two works by Morten Traavik and Joseph Conrad. Boxes are entities, relations are arrows.
- Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records
It was published in a book entitled "Ungdom", another novel by Conrad Youth. It was republished in in modernized Norwegian which makes it a new expression. The edition was published again in as a facsimile in another series which makes it a new manifestation. The Heart of darkness graph Having drawn this graph of the two works, I focused on "Heart of darkness" in Norwegian library catalogues. Some of the results are shown in figure 3.
The work "Heart of darkness" and some of its expressions and manifestations, and the persons responsible. You might add to this structure the film "Apocalypso now! This is the structure, but it would be rather confusing to the reader presenting it in this way, so we may ask ourselves, how could we make the most of it in an understandable way? Imagine that we performed a truncated search for Conrad among person entities what would the result list look like?
As I am very fond of the card catalogue, I have used this as a basis, adding some graphics and functionality that are now possible with the computer.
The idea is shown in figure 4. The new card catalogue: