How Rahul Gandhi got it wrong about Army uniform - India News
Unisex Costume contains army shirt, pant, belt and cap. Indian Army Soldier Profession Community Helper Kids Fancy Dress Costume Rental Start Date. Italian, French, Spanish, Portuguese, Indonesian and Indian military personnel in uniform during a parade in Rome, Italy. A military uniform is a standardised dress worn by members of the armed forces and . The New Model Army was clothed in the civilian costume of the date—ample coat, waistcoat, breeches, stockings. To start with, I would ask anybody who is to date an army guy to possess a lot of My boyfriend is in Indian Navy and was a true soldier at heart since school.
An elaborate system of colourful standards largely provided unit identification. Even the appearance of the Janissaries was likely to reflect individual means and taste, although red was a favoured colour and the white felt zarcola headdresses were similar. It was not until the reorganisation of the Ottoman Army by Sultan Mahmud II during the s that completely standardised dress was issued. Navies[ edit ] Seaman's jumper: This may reflect the considerable difference in roles and conditions of service between sailors and soldiers.
Until the middle of the 19th century only officers and warrant officers in the Royal Navy wore regulated uniforms. Through the 18th century to the Napoleonic Wars navy officers had a form of dress broadly resembling that of army officers, though in dark blue with white facings.
In the early 19th century Royal Navy officers developed a more distinctive form of uniform comprising in full dress a cocked hat, dark blue coatee with white collar and cuffs, dark blue or white trousers, or breeches. In a simplified form this dress without the cocked hat survives as the modern ceremonial dress for flag officers. Throughout this period sailors supplied or made their own clothing.
Sailors developed traditional clothing suitable for their work: For cold weather, a jumper was knitted from yarn or wool. For wet weather, old sail cloth was made into a coat with hat or attached hood that was waterproofed with tallow or fat. In these days, the officers would designate certain afternoons to " make and mend " clothing. A sailor with little clothing to make or mend used this time as "time off".
In January the decision was taken to issue complete uniforms to petty officers and seamen. The flared "bell bottom" trousers disappeared after the Second World War. While certain distinctive features emerged - such as the red pompom worn on the crown of the French sailor's cap, the open fronted jacket of the German Navy or the white round cap of the U.
Navy - the overall pattern remained standard until the development of specialist working or protective rigs during the Second World War. Regimental dress[ edit ] Facing colours were introduced to distinguish the various regiments. Uniform dress became the norm with the adoption of regimental systems, initially by the French army in the midth century. Before a few German and Dutch regiments had worn red or yellow coats.
From about onwards some Swedish infantry had been issued with standard coloured dress under Gustavus Adolphus hence his "yellow" or "blue" regiments. Even Royal guards would sometimes only be issued with distinctive coloured or embroidered surcoats to wear over ordinary clothing. To help armies distinguish friend from foe scarves, pieces of foliage or other makeshift identification known as "field signs" would be worn,  A practice still recognised under international humanitarian law and the laws of war as a "distinctive sign".
But uniformity of clothing was not to be expected so long as the "enlistment" system prevailed and soldiers were taken in and dismissed at the beginning and end of every campaign. The beginnings of uniform are therefore to be found in truly national armies, in the Indelta of Gustavus Adolphus, and the English armies of the English Civil War. In the earlier years of the latter, though the richer colonels uniformed their men as, for instance, the Marquess of Newcastle's "Whitecoats" and King Charles's own red-coated Lifeguard of footthe rustics and the citizens turned out for war in their ordinary rough clothes, donning armour and sword-belt.
But in the Long Parliament raised an army "all its own" for permanent service, and the colonels became officials rather than proprietors.
The New Model Army was clothed in the civilian costume of the date—ample coat, waistcoat, breeches, stockings and shoes in the case of cavalry, boots —but with the distinctive colour throughout the army of red and with regimental facings of various colours and breeches of grey.
Soon afterwards the helmet disappeared, and its place was taken by a grey broad-brimmed hat. From the coat was eventually evolved the tunic of the midth century, and the hat became the cocked hat of a later generation, which generally disappeared during the decade of to reappear in the late 19th and early 20th century, by which time it had its original form of a "slouch-hat.
The cavalry Iron Sideshowever, wore buff leather coats and armour long after the infantry had abandoned them. Little or nothing of sentiment led to this. By choice or convenience the majority of the corps out of which the New Model Army was formed had come to be dressed in red, with facings according to the colonel's taste, and it is a curious fact that in Austria sixty years afterwards events took the same course. The colonels there uniformed their men as they saw fit had, by tacit consent, probably to obtain "wholesale " prices, agreed upon a serviceable colour pearl greyand when in Prince Eugene procured the issue of uniform regulations, few line regiments had to be re-clothed.
In France, as in England and Austria, the cavalry, as yet rather led by the wealthy classes than officered by the professional, was not uniformed upon an army system until after the infantry.
But in six-sevenths of the French cavalry was uniformed in light grey with red facings; and about half the dragoon regiments had red uniforms and blue facings. The Marquis of Louvoisin creating a standing army, had introduced an infantry uniform as a necessary consequence. The native French regiments had light grey coats, the Swiss red, the German black and the Italian blue, with various facings.
The French grey was probably decided upon, like the Austrian grey, as being a good "service" colour, which could be cheaply manufactured. Dress was surprisingly standardised between European armies in cut and general outline. The distinction normally lay in colours red coats for the British and Danes, light grey then white for the French, Spanish, and Austrian  infantry, dark blue for the Prussians and Portuguese, green for the Russians etc. The Royal Comtois Infantry Regiment of the French Army, for example, had large dark blue cuffs on its off-white coats.
To a certain extent the functions required of a given group of soldiers were reflected in their dress.
Thus artillery uniforms in most armies were usually of dark blue - for the practical reason that handling black powder would have soiled lighter coloured clothing. Officers who paid for their own clothing were relatively slow to accept uniforms.
During the late 17th century they were often dressed in individual styles and colours according to their own taste and means. In part this was because the uniform dress issued to the rank and file was considered a form of livery - the mark of a servant and demeaning to members of the social class from which officers came. One early practice in the French and other armies was for officers to wear coats of the facing colour of their regiments.
Rank insignia as such was unknown until well into the 18th century. The gorget hanging from a chain around the neck and a last survival of medieval armour was the only universally recognised mark of an officer until epaulettes developed from clusters of ribbons formerly worn on the shoulder. Even when officers' uniforms became the subject of detailed regulation they remained easily distinguishable from those of other ranks, by the better quality and richness of the materials and trimmings used.
Gold or silver braiding on the hats and coats of officers usually matched the bronze or pewter of the numerous buttons on regimental clothing. It should, however, be remembered that a soldier had to march, parade, fight and sometimes sleep in the same garment and that such extras as greatcoats or working clothes were seldom issued until the end of the century. The first fifteen years of this century influenced the appearance of military uniforms until the s.
In particular, some French uniforms — notably those of the cavalry regiments of the Imperial Guard — are considered as being amongst the most striking and distinctive of the time. Sometimes the Napoleonic Wars are identified as being the acme of colourful and ornate uniforms, but actually the several decades of relative peace that followed were a time of even more decorative styles and embellishments.
The Napoleonic soldier on campaign was likely to present a shabby and nondescript appearance as unsuitable peacetime dress quickly deteriorated or was replaced with whatever local substitutes were available. Until later on in the century dyes were primitive and different batches of uniforms worn by the same unit might present differing shades, especially after exposure to rain and sun.
The white uniforms popular amongst many armies through the 18th and early 19th centuries soiled easily and had to be pipeclayed to retain any semblance of cleanliness. British soldiers were known for their striking red clothing hence the name " Redcoats ".
This was actually a fairly dull shade of madder red until the general adoption of scarlet for tunics in the s. The American industrial revolution began in the Blackstone Valleyof Massachusetts and Rhode Islandwith early textiles, from The American Civil War[ edit ] Main articles: Uniform of the Union Army and Uniforms of the Confederate States military forces Colour plate from the War of the Rebellion Atlas depicting Union and Confederate uniforms It is generally supposed that Union soldiers wore blue uniforms and Confederate soldiers wore grey ones.
However, this was only a generalisation. Both the Union and the Confederacy drew up uniform regulations, but as a matter of practical reality neither side was able to fully equip its men at the outbreak of the war. Existing state units and quickly raised volunteer regiments on both sides wore a wide variety of styles and colours in the early stages of the war. Some regiments—such as the North's Berdan Sharpshooters and the South's Alexandria Rifles—had green uniforms, while the French zouave style was widely imitated.
The Union eventually got most of its men into regulation Federal blue but this often faded until it appeared grey. Originally the Confederate government relied on the "commutation" system which required the states to provide their own uniforms. While the commutation system was in place, many states were not able to provide an ample supply of uniforms and captured federal uniforms were common.
Later in the war the Confederate national government provided uniforms from a central depot system, including the famous Richmond and Columbus depots. Many photographs of Confederate soldiers from later in the war usually casualties are wearing standardised uniforms. As Sherman's men marched across Georgia and up the Carolinas, they were cut off from supply by the Union and began wearing clothing of Confederate origin. Confederate soldiers used a variety of vegetable and imported dyes which would fade to a "butternut" colour.
The end of bright colours[ edit ] Coldstream Guards on parade in ceremonial uniform. Painting by William Barnes Wollen Until the majority of armies still provided colourful dress uniforms for all ranks,   at least for parade and off duty wear.
These often retained distinctive features from the past. Most Russian troops for example wore the very dark green introduced by Peter The Great in German infantry generally wore the dark " Prussian blue " of the previous two centuries.
This and other features of the historic Prussian Army uniform were generally adopted by the other German States as they fell under Prussian influence before and after the Franco-Prussian War of Bavarians however continued to wear light blue and Saxon regiments retained a number of distinctions after the establishment of the German Empire The British infantry retained their scarlet tunics for parade and "walking out" wear while the bulk of French regiments wore red trousers with dark or light blue tunics.
The amount of Dress Allowance shall be credited to the salary of employees directly once a year in the month of July. The rates of Dress Allowance will go up by 25 per cent each time Dearness Allowance rises by 50 per cent. The allowance covers only the basic uniform of the employees. Any special clothing like that provided at Siachen glacier or inside a submarine will continue to be provided as per existing norms. The copy of the office memorandum available on the website of the ministry of Finance can be accessed here.
The media reports quoted by Rahul Gandhi and Digvijay Singh to underline the scarcity of funds also tries to make another point apart for the emotive issue of uniforms.
Military uniform - Wikipedia
The reports suggest that due to shortage of funds "Army has decided to drastically cut down its supplies from state owned Ordnance Factories. This move is to ensure that the money spent is instead used to procure adequate stock of critical ammunition and spares for a short intense war. The decision to cut down the supplies from the Ordnance Factories was taken last year in April.
The Department of Defence Production letter dated April 27, reveals the real reasons behind it. The letter clearly says that on the basis of the reports of two committees, which were constituted for increasing the operational efficiency of the Ordnance Factories, it has been decided that the production facilities for non-core items being produced by these factories has to be closed down or put on PPP model.
The letter said that now it will NOT be mandatory for the Army to buy the non-core items from the Ordnance Factories and it can float open tenders for them in which the OFB Ordnance Factory Board can also participate. When questioned about the reports claiming shortage of funds, Defence Minister Nirmala Sitaraman in a press conference on Tuesday strongly refuted it.
The fourth highest defence expenditure since was in This policy decision was based on numerous complaints regarding the quality of products being manufactured by Ordnance Factories. Not only the government had to face questions in Parliament regarding the poor quality of the products being doled out by OFs, even the CAG had pulled up the government for not ensuring quality control at the Ordnance Factories.