Israel - Wikipedia
In the words of its current mayor, Jerusalem represents "the purest and it is connected to no mundane events in Muhammad's life. . of Qur'an referring to Jerusalem date from the eleventh century.) .. This neglect came to an abrupt end after June , when the Old City came under Israeli control. Communal violence between Jews and Arabs in British Palestine began . Between and , more Jews emigrated from Germany to Palestine than to anywhere .. Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs "Armistice Agreements with Breach," ordendelsantosepulcro.info, Jan. 25, Nov. 27, - Annapolis Peace. Israel officially the State of Israel, is a country in Western Asia, located on the southeastern It extended its laws to the Golan Heights and East Jerusalem, but not the . The oldest evidence of early humans in the territory of modern Israel, dating to .. At the end of , Israel entered another conflict as a ceasefire between.
On refugees the plan suggested a number of proposals including financial compensation, the right of return to the Palestinian state, and Israeli acknowledgement of suffering caused to the Palestinians in Security proposals referred to a "non-militarized" Palestinian state, and an international force for border security. Both sides accepted Clinton's plan    and it became the basis for the negotiations at the Taba Peace summit the following January.
The proposition removed the "temporarily Israeli controlled" areas, and the Palestinian side accepted this as a basis for further negotiation. With Israeli elections looming the talks ended without an agreement but the two sides issued a joint statement attesting to the progress they had made: Sharon's new government chose not to resume the high-level talks.
This plan did not attempt to resolve difficult questions such as the fate of Jerusalem or Israeli settlements, but left that to be negotiated in later phases of the process. The proposal never made it beyond the first phase, whose goals called for a halt to both Israeli settlement construction and Israeli—Palestinian violence. Neither goal has been achieved as of November The peace initiative is a proposed solution to the Arab—Israeli conflict as a whole, and the Israeli—Palestinian conflict in particular.
It offered full normalization of relations with Israel, in exchange for the withdrawal of its forces from all the occupied territories, including the Golan Heightsto recognize "an independent Palestinian state with East Jerusalem as its capital" in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, as well as a "just solution" for the Palestinian refugees. The Israeli government has expressed reservations on 'red line,' issues such as the Palestinian refugee problem, homeland security concerns, and the nature of Jerusalem.
Daniel Abraham, an American entrepreneur and founder of the Center for Middle East Peace in Washington, US, published on the website of the Atlantic magazine in Marchcited the following statistics: But Talawi believes that despite the lack of a clear agenda and progress towards implementation, the idea ofholding any event to support Jerusalem, no matter its size, is better than nothing.
This support is supposed to be provided by the Arab states, according to official promises. The Palestinian Authority has not objected to how this money is obtained, and is prepared to present financial reports to guarantee transparency. He points out that supportwill also depend on a number of international and foreign institutions that supportcultural projects, such as UNESCO.
Talawi says that certainly a kickoff celebration will be held, even if it is merely symbolic. But he declines to disclose what will follow the initial ceremony.
- Jerusalem: Arab Cultural Capital of 2009?
- The Muslim Claim to Jerusalem
- The fast train from Jerusalem to Tel Aviv isn’t fast and doesn’t go to Tel Aviv
The kickoff will occur in Jerusalem and speeches broadcast by the general secretary of the League of Arab States, the director general of the Arab organization for education, culture and sciences, and the head of the culture ceremony. Many are concerned that the events will be shut down or undermined by the Israelimilitary.
Contingency plans are being prepared if the celebration is destroyed, but Talawi refuses to disclose more information than this. The culture minister, Ibrahim Abrash, said in a television interview that challenges before the festivities will be immense.
The two administrations have been hostile ever since Hamas forces overwhelmed Fatahcontrolled security men in June On 25 March,occupation forces barred an event held at al-Hakawati Theatre to announce the winner of a contest for designing the emblem of Jerusalem as the capitalof Arab culture. Israeli police then entered the theatre and ordered those present to vacate the premises. Other police closed the theatre gates and barred people from entering.
Khalid Houraniwas subsequently announced the winner of JD5, for best design. The law brought about the closure of the Orient House, which was run by the PLO andorganized against Israeli settlement of the occupied city. Part and parcel of this is measures taken to prevent eastern Jerusalem from becoming the capital of the Palestinian state.
Evenif Arab neighborhoods were turned over to the Palestinian Authority, they would be neighborhoods outside the borders of the original city that are now surrounded byIsraeli settlements, says Khalil Tufakji, a Palestinian expert in settlement issues. This plan guaranteed Jewish contiguity and isolated Arab neighbourhoods from each other, while also isolating Jerusalem from the West Bank. Finally, the wall that Israeli is constructing through the city surrounds these settlements, Tafkaji says, and removes any hope that a part of the city could become a Palestinian capital.
Muhammad Abed Rabbo, a Jerusalem-based journalist, says that Israel has geographically split Jerusalem into three sections.
The first is percent Jewish, that being West Jerusalem. Although the author focuses on Israel's benefits from peace, he also recognizes that Israel's existence has denied Palestinian sovereignty and brought them much suffering.
The report urges Israel to "allow the Palestinians an honorable, independent existence as well as an opportunity for economic development," and condemns Israeli occupation of Palestinian territory as a violation of international law. For Palestinians, a Nakba May 18, As Israel celebrates its 60th anniversary, two important factors should be considered, according to Elias Khoury: First, that the majority of Palestinians in the region consider the anniversary to be a day of national disaster Nakbaand second, that Israel's occupation of the West Bank and Gaza have transformed a historic incident into a daily reality of separation and conflict.Jerusalem Dateline: 8/17/18 Fulfilling Prophecy: Americans Immigrate to Israel
Khoury urges Israel to support the formation of a Palestinian state and to recognize the sufferings of its people. The report states that Israel has prevented the delivery of petrol to Gaza since March 18, and diesel since April 2. UN Assistant Secretary General Angela Kane says that if Israel does not reinstate supplies of the fuel, the UN will reduce sewage disposal services, close hospitals and stop food assistance torefugees in the territory.
Forty thousand Israeli commuters now use the road daily. The New York Times notes that Israel continues to build illegal settlement in the West Bank, and that the barring of Palestinian access to transport constitutes a policy of "apartheid. Describing the occupied territory as a "humanitarian implosion," the article demonstrates that Gaza lacks basic health services and that 80 percent of its inhabitants rely on international aid for their livelihood.
The report concludes that Israel's blockade constitutes collective punishment of ordinary men, women and children, which is illegal under international law.
A Third of Settlements on Land Taken for "Security Purposes" February 17, More than one third of the West Bank Israeli settlements were built on private Palestinian land that was temporarily seized by military order for "security purposes," according to this Haaretz source. The Defence Ministry had previously refused to release information on the issue, telling an Israeli court that publication "would damage the states security and foreign relations.
The report also shows the falsehood of the Israeli assertion that "military necessity" justifies keeping the settlements in existence rather than returning the land to its Palestinian owners.
Israel to Add Homes in East Jerusalem February 13, Israel has announced plans to build more than 1, apartments in disputed East Jerusalem, "triggering a new crisis in already troubled peace talks" this Associated Press report notes.
The fate of the area is one of the sticking points of the Annapolis peace negotiations. Palestine hopes to establish an independent state that includes the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, with East Jerusalem as their capital.
A Palestinian negotiator claimed that any further construction severely threatens the chances of reaching a final peace accord. Israel captured the area in the war, and has since built homes for overIsraelis on the site.
However, Kretzner notes that the military uses this legal framework to expand settlement activity in Palestine - by seizing real estate and land, placing severe restrictions on the local population, and constructing a highway in Gaza solely for the use of Israeli citizens. Haaretz Jewish Settler Outposts 'Expanding' November 7, Jewish settlements continue to expand in the West Bank now with the new method of mobile homes.
The Israeli organization Peace Now released a report saying that the Israeli government allows these constructions, which violate international law and take Palestinian land. Yariv Oppenheimer, director of Peace Now stated that a two-state solution won't be viable if Israel continues to violate Palestinian rights. Palestinians also believe that a "contiguous and viable" Palestinian State is increasingly unrealistic.
Israeli–Palestinian conflict - Wikipedia
Israeli human rights organizations and Palestinian civilians see these economic sanctions as illegal and in violation of international law. The Israeli government claims it will make efforts to help Palestinians civilians.
However, the United Nations regards the fuel cuts as collective punishment against more than a million people. Israel's deputy defense minister, Matan Vilnai suggested that Israel's real motive is to separate Israel from the Gaza territory.
September 5, Israel Prime Minister Ariel Sharon originally insisted that the Israeli barrier served merely as a "temporary border," for "safety" purposes. In reality, the wall seems to be a long-term "frontier border" plan with grave results. This separation confines the Palestinian majority to designated areas and inhibits a possible Palestinian political order.
A democratic outcome will be even harder to achieve. Redraw Route Barrier September 5, The Israeli separation wall has been cutting the Palestinian village of Bilin in two, disrupting the livelihood of the villagers and limiting access to land. After years of peaceful protests, villagers and Israeli peace groups have won a major victory.
Israel's Supreme Court contests the route of the wall and unanimously orders the return of acres of farmland to the Bilin side. While the Israeli government claims that the wall serves to protect the territory from Palestinian suicide-bombers, it in fact adds more territory to the Israeli side.
In the tribunals, a single judge can impose year prison sentences on Palestinian suspects accused of undermining Israeli security. The author argues that the use of military tribunals in the occupied territories is unlawful under international humanitarian law and international human rights law, and that Israel uses the courts to extend "judicial domination" over the Palestinian people. According to a research based on Israeli government data, about 40 percent of Israeli settlements in the West Bank cover Palestinian-owned private land.
The article points out that the lack of enforcement of court decisions favoring Palestinian ownership has encouraged Israeli settlement on private land. Full Text of the National Conciliation Document of the Prisoners June 28, To end division between their various factions and to establish a common front, Palestinian prisoners in Israeli jails produced this "National Conciliation Document.
While the document offers implicit recognition of Israel by its endorsement of a two-state solution along the borders, a major policy change for Hamas, Tel Aviv rejected it for not explicitly recognizing Israel or denouncing terrorism. Translation by Jerusalem Media and Communication Centre Israel's Half Plan May 18, The first Israeli government elected on a platform of dismantling settlements is looking to Washington rather than Ramallah to endorse its unilateral withdrawal plans.
While removing Israelis from the patchwork of ethnic communities that currently make up the West Bank would pull "one foot from the quagmire," this Washington Post article argues that setting the border at the security barrier, and therefore retaining a slice of the West Bank, would "push the other leg deeper into the quicksand.
Israel Starts Work On New Settlement March 16, The Israeli government has begun to develop facilities for what could turn into the largest settlement project in the West Bank since In addition to settler units, the planned development would include a road network, six hotels and a park. According to a settlement expert, the project would cut off Jerusalem from its Arab surroundings and kill any chance for a viable Palestinian state in the West Bank.
Israel calls the demographic expansion "natural growth" but Palestinian officials accuse Israel of embarking on a new phase of "large-scale theft of land.