Chennakesava Temple, Somanathapura - Wikipedia
Chennakesava Temple: Awesome place - See traveler reviews, Private Day Trip from Bangalore to Belur, Halebid and Shravanabelagola . some inscriptions dating back years back on some stone carvings. Belur is a historic town with beautiful, famous temples, some dating to the times of the If you are returning from Belur/Halebid back to Bangalore, then you can Chenna Kesava Temple is surrounded by Kappe Chennigaraya Temple on the. Chennakesava Temple: Fabulous architecture! this old Vishnu temple, but also to admire the ancient structure dating back to AD. Bangalore, India.
Chennakeshava Temple, Belur - Wikipedia
The Kesava temple is one of some 1, Hindu and Jain temples built by the Hoysala Empire kings in different parts of their kingdom. The other well studied Hoysala temples include those at Belur and Halebidu.
Two inscriptions are found in the ceilings of the veranda that surrounds the temple, one near the southeast corner and the other about the northwest corner. Another inscription is found near Harihareshwara Temple on the banks of the Tungabhadra River. The eighth inscription is found in the Shiva temple at the periphery of the original land grant, the Panchalinga temple. Two inscriptions, one dated CE and another to CE describe the damage and the repairs done to this temple.
The Keshava temple at Somanathapura faces east and is enclosed in a walled courtyard with a major gate mahadvara.
Inside the gate, to the left are vertical standing inscription stones. These stones have the form of the hero stones, with the top decorated with Hindu iconography as well as miniature reliefs of Keshava, Janardhana and Venugopala.
CHENNAKESAVA SWAMI TEMPLE
The inscription is in old Kannada. The small entrance mandapa is supported by lathe-carved soapstone pillars. This is not locally available and must have been imported from another part of South India. It enabled the artists to shape and carve out intricate details for the artwork. The courtyard wall frames a rectangular veranda and an array of small shrines. The northern and southern row of small shrines inside the pillared courtyard corridor consists of eighteen single shrine and one linked-double shrine each.
The linked-double shrine is at the northwestern and southwestern corners of the courtyard.
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The western row consists of fourteen small shrines, while the eastern row consists of eight single small shrines and two linked-double shrines.
In total, the Kesava temple consists of 58 small 1x1 small shrines, 4 small 2x1 linked-double shrines, 2 near entrance, and the main central temple. The statues in the smaller shrines were defaced, their limbs broken or destroyed. Some of the recovered broken pieces are in a heap inside the temple. The collection includes Jaina statues in the Kayotsarga posture as well as numerous Hindu statues.
The ceiling of the southern array of shrines has carvings on its ceiling, the western does not and it have an repair related inscription instead from Vijayanagara Empire era. The northern array also mostly lacks any ceiling art work except near the stairs in the middle, while the eastern array shows the greatest signs of damage and restoration with most small shrines missing but for signs of their foundation. It is about 3 feet high, star-shaped and has stone steps at its east end for the visitor to climb up to it.
Halasuru Someshwara Temple, Bangalore - Wikipedia
Near the stairs, on each side are two dvarapala guardian shrines but these are damaged. The raised jagati platform circles around the main temple with a broad walking space. It is the pradakshina patha circumambulation pathand is supposed to be walked in a clockwise manner in order to pictorially read the Ramayana, Mahabharata and Bhagavata Purana legends in the correct sequence.
A stone elephant originally stood at each star point end of the platform, but only 11 of the 15 original have survived in a damaged condition. On the sides of the star side and where two stars of the jagati platform meet were 14 mid size images likely of Nagas and 58 images of Yakshas but all of this are now missing. The temple premises stores 7 of the broken pieces found in the early 20th century.
From the jagati level, there are four stone steps that leads the devotee into the temple's sabha mandapa inside. A small square is at the entrance, the largest square in the middle, and a rectangle facing the three sanctum garbha griyaall supported by intricately carved pillars.
The main hall opens to each sanctum through a small square shaped puja mandapa. The three sanctums house Keshava image lostJanardhana and Venugopala. Above each of these sanctums rise the 16 pointed star shaped North Indian style tower shikara. The lowest band in the basement section is about 6 inches tall and shows a row of elephants mostly marching to the left in the clockwise direction the devotee is expected to walk.
The elephants are not exact copy of each other, rather show different natural expressions and playfulness of elephants. The band above the elephants is of horses with armed riders, depicting a military march.
In some spots, camels substitute for horses suggesting that the Hoysala had adopted camels into their army. In various places, the artists added humor by placing dwarfs and monkeys supporting the front raised leg of the horses.
It shows flowers, fruits, occasionally some peacocks and wildlife. It is about 7 inches tall, around 2. Some panels depict the Bhima story from the Mahabharata. The temple is also dated to the 12th century. However, the temple was expanded and enhanced later.
This temple is notable because the local tradition holds that its tower is miniature version of the major tower that once rose above the main Kesava temple.
Its outer wall are decorated with artwork such as elephants and nature. It also displays 31 large images of deities from the Vaishnavism, Shaivism and Shaktism traditions of Hinduism. It also has intricately carved Venugopala, Mohini and Lakshmi, as well as friezes showing legends in the Puranas. On the base of the shrines for Alvars are friezes showing stories from the Ramayana.
Some of these shrines were added later because few of these scholars such as Desikar lived after the 12th century. The pillar facing the main temple, the Garuda eagle sthambha was erected in the Vijayanagar period while the pillar on the right, the Deepa sthambha pillar with lamp dates from the Hoysala period.
It is called vahana mandapa. It was added in the 17th century. There is smaller northern gate to the complex, near which is a pakasale or community kitchen built in the 13th century. A stepped water tank, called kalyani or Vasudeva-sarovara in inscriptions, is found in the northeast corner with two stone elephants on its side. Kesava[ edit ] The temple is a ekakuta vimana design single shrine of The temple and platform were without walls and the platform surrounded an open mantapa, following the contour of the temple.
A visitor would have been able to see the ornate pillars of the open mantapa from the platform. The vestibule connects the circumambulatory platform to the mandapa hall. There is intricate and abundant artwork both on the outside and inside the temple. The building material used in the Chennakesava temple is chloritic schist, more commonly known as soapstone.
It is soft when quarried and allows artists to more easily carve details. Over time the material hardens. It is simpler than later Hoysala temples including the Hoysaleswara temple at Halebidu and the Keshava temple at Somanathapura. Platform[ edit ] The temple is built on a jagati literally, "worldly"a symbolic worldly platform with a wide walking space for circumambulation pradakshina -patha. The jagati provides the devotee the opportunity to do a pradakshina around the temple before entering it.
The jagati carefully follows the staggered square design of the mantapa  and the star shape of the shrine. The local deity Someshwara appeared to him in a dream and instructed him to build a temple in his honor using buried treasure. In return the chieftain would receive divine favor. Kempe Gowda found the treasure and dutifully completed the temple. In a dream, a man appeared before him and told him that a linga universal symbol of the god Shiva was buried under the spot where he was sleeping.
He was instructed to retrieve it and build a temple. Jayappa found the treasure and initially built the temple out of wood. Another account attributes the temple to the Chola Dynasty with later renovations made by the Yelahanka Nada Prabhus.