How Good are those Young-Earth Arguments: Radiocarbon Dating
And if the creationist claims C14 dating doesn't work because he dated a dinosaur fossil and got a modern dateyeah, we know all about that. The fossil was. Genesis 1 defines the days of creation to be literal days (a number with Can carbon dating help solve the mystery of which worldview is. Radiocarbon dating can easily establish that humans have been on the earth for over twenty thousand years, at least twice as long as creationists are willing to.
Animals and plants that died in The Flood of Noah would have lower initial Carbon content than would be found in animals and plants today. The water vapor canopy that existed from Creation to The Flood would have inhibited Carbon production in the atmosphere.
This would have reduced the amount of Carbon incorporated into the bodies of plants and animals prior to The Flood and the effect would be that the remains from prior to The Flood would appear to be much older than they really were. There would be a lower Carbon content in the atmosphere before The Flood because of a larger biomass exchanging gases with the atmosphere.
This biomass was larger than all the vegetation on earth today. There may have been less Carbon before The Flood of Noah because of the existence of the stronger magnetic field.
This would have prevented some or much of the cosmic ray bombardment of the upper atmosphere, the cause of Carbon generation. No one knows the exact amount of Carbon in the atmosphere at the time of creation.
How Good Are Those Young-Earth Arguments?
It is reasonable to consider that there have been none. We have to take into consideration the effect of the bias of the person who interprets the data upon those dates which get published.
The bias of the evolutionist interpreter of the Carbon data is that they see a normalized curve pattern as more important than the actual apparent age. The Carbon dating method is known to have flaws which cause an uneven chronology. This attempt to calibrate Carbon utterly fails for two reasons. The amount of Carbon in the atmosphere has not reached a constant level!
This is a critical piece of information in demonstrating the useless nature of the Carbon dating technique. Stansfield, Science of Evolution New York: Ralph and Henry M. The ramifications of this information are stunning. Please consider the following list of examples of Carbon dates which demonstrate just how far off Carbon dates can be: Shells from living snails were carbon dated as being 2, years old.
Mortar from an English castle less than years old, was Carbon dated as 7, years old. Natural gas from Alabama and Mississippi Cretaceous and Eocene, respectively - should have been 50 to million years old according to evolutionary time scales; however, they were Carbon dated at 30, and 34, respectively.
A block of wood from the Cretaceous Period supposedly more than 70 million years old was found encased in a block of Cambrian rock hundreds of millions of years earlierbut was Carbon dated as 4, years old.
Bones of a saber-toothed tiger from the LaBrea tar pits, supposedlyyears old, gave a Carbon date of 28, years old. Coal from Russia, dated as Pennsylvanian Period and supposedly million years old, was Carbon dated as only being 1, years old!
Mammoth bones from St. The dates were challenged by evolutionists, but then re-confirmed. InTriceratops and Hadrosaur femurs were found in Montana. Bone collagen was radiocarbon dated.
In one study of eleven sets of ancient human bones, all were dated at about 5, radiocarbon years or less. Vereshchagin and Alexei N. Merelotovedenia Institute,p.
This Carbon should be non-existent if the wood were more than aboutyears old. However, the limestone surrounding the wood was dated as Jurassic, supposedly million years old. Young radiocarbon date for ancient fossil wood challenges fossil dating, Creation 22 2: The 30 foot long tree presents a major problem for the arbitrary dating of the Geologic Column.
The evolutionary age assigned to the strata is Million Years Old. There should be no measurable Radioactive Carbon in this tree! The Carbon from the tree dated as 12, years old!! Burnt wood was found within Cretaceous Limestone, supposedly 65 to million years old. The C content was dated by Dr. This means that none of these footprints could be older than about 13, years according to the Carbon dating technique.
Carbon has been found in very unexpected places, too. Places that it should not exist at all. Carbon has been found inside twelve diamonds. They have been found to contain very high amounts of Carbon According to evolutionary assumptions, the diamonds were supposedly 1 to 3 billion years old.
In Vardiman, L, A. A Snelling and E. Chaffin editorsRadioisotopes and the Age of the Earth, pp. Hydrothermal vent fluids ejected from the Mid-Atlantic Ridge contain methane CH4 with Carbon contents ranging from 1.
The authors believe that the hydrocarbons were produced by abiogenic Fischer-Tropsch type reactions. Abiogenic hydrocarbon production at Lost City Hydrothermal Field. Carbon has been found in a gold mine.
The Ar-Ar [Argon-Argon] radiometric dating method yielded a date of 32 million years old. The Carbon dating method yielded a date of 41, years old. Carbon has been found in coal. Carbon should not exist in any carbon compound supposedly older thanyears. Yet it has been impossible to find any natural carbon compound that does not contain significant Carbon, even those supposed to be millions and billions of years old.
In fact, we may say that almost all coal is the same age. However, as an increasing number of carbon dates were obtained, including many on objects of known age, it became clear that the assumption was not strictly true.
How Creationists Misrepresent the Carbon Dating Method
This fact has been known to the scientific community for several decades and correction factors have been developed to adjust for the fact that the production rate of carbon in the atmosphere has not been completely constant over the past few thousand years.
In other words, modern radiocarbon dating uses a calibration method to correct for the problem that Major views as a critical weakness of the method. But curiously, even though these correction methods have been in use for several decades, Major fails to discuss them. It seems clear that he did not study the method well enough to be aware of the use of these correction and calibration methods.
The fact that the raw uncorrected dates must be corrected for the less than perfect equilibrium in no way invalidates the method. To use an analogy, if you had a yardstick that was only 34 inches long rather than 36, it would still be usable, provided that you knew the details of its imperfection. To me, an interesting question is why did Trevor Major make such an elementary mistake? He is obviously an intelligent man and according to his writing, he has a masters degree in science.
Why is his writing on this subject so substandard? Although my opinion is only a guess, let me suggest some reasons. The first reason may be that because of his religious beliefs, he relied too heavily on previous creationist authors who, in many cases, are not competent scientists. I have previously noted that 6 out of 11 of his references are creationist references. Another reason is the natural tendency of anyone to avoid looking at information that conflicts with strongly held beliefs.
Radiocarbon Dating as a Current Scientific Clock By Jonathan Ring The use of carbon, also known as radiocarbon, to date organic materials has been an important method in both archaeology and geology.
The technique was pioneered over fifty years ago by the physical chemist Willard Libby, who won the Nobel Prize for his work on 14C. Since then, the technique has been widely used and continually improved. This paper will focus on how the radiocarbon dating method works, how it is used by scientists, and how creationists have interpreted the results.
Carbon is a radioactive isotope formed in the upper atmosphere. It is constantly being produced by a system in which cosmic rays from the sun hit atoms, releasing neutrons. The neutrons may then be absorbed by 14N nitrogen atoms which lose a proton in the process, becoming 14C.
Carbon becomes a part of the mostly homogenous mixture of air in the atmosphere. It can combine with other atoms and molecules such as oxygen to create carbon dioxide, or CO2.
Through the process of photosynthesis, plants absorb carbon dioxide which contains 14C along with the much more abundant 12C and 13C. Animals then eat the plants and incorporate 14C into their own bodies, and eventually it is passed through the food chain. Through this process, every living thing eventually absorbs 14C into its body in a measurable ratio to 12C and 13C. Carbon makes up an extremely small portion of the carbon on earth.
In fact, there is about a trillion times more 12C in the atmosphere than 14C. When the plant or animal dies, carbon ceases to be absorbed into its tissue. Since 14C decays over time, and the absorption of all carbon has stopped, the initial condition for a clock is the living ratio of the carbon isotopes. After a certain amount of time, the ratio of 14C to 12C, compared to a modern sample of the same type, will give a date for the object in question.
Carbon decays into 14N through the process called Beta decay with a half-life of approximately 5, years. The beta decay process consists of the atom of 14C ejecting an electron, or beta particle, out of the nucleus, converting a neutron to a proton in the process.
The resulting atom, or daughter product, is 14N which has the same atomic number, but contains one more proton than the parent product. A half-life works the same way in any type of decay. In the case of 14C, every 5, years half of the original 14C decays into nitrogen.
Eventually, there is too little 14C left in a sample to accurately measure without contamination. Theoretically, radiocarbon techniques have the ability to date samples to around 75, years, but the working threshold of reliable dating is around 50, years.
Samples significantly older than this have very little or even no measurable 14C left. In order to function properly, natural clocks need an irreversible process that occurs at a constant and known rate.